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Chapter 14 : Reemergence of Tuberculosis in Animals in the United States

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Abstract:

and are members of a closely related group of organisms referred to as the complex, which also includes and . is the primary cause of tuberculosis in humans and, world wide, is the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. Animals with potential exposure to through contact with infected cattle are skin tested and, in some cases, slaughtered to prevent the spread of tuberculosis to new herds. Tuberculosis caused by and has been reported in zoos, game parks, and other exotic animal collections in the United States and throughout the world. The presence of a wildlife reservoir of tuberculosis in Michigan may prevent the United States from achieving the goal of eradication of tuberculosis in animals. To comprehend the pathogenesis of a disease, it is important to understand the routes of infection and mode of transmission between hosts as well as the host response and characteristics intrinsic to the pathogen. Tuberculosis in animals is chiefly acquired by inhalation or ingestion. Follow-up surveys of the wildlife in the area revealed no further evidence of tuberculosis in any of the wild animals that were examined. The best long-term approach to control of tuberculosis in the United Kingdom appears to be the development of a vaccine for cattle and improved diagnostic tests to discriminate infected from vaccinated cattle.

Citation: Whipple D, Palmer M. 2000. Reemergence of Tuberculosis in Animals in the United States, p 281-299. In Brown C, Bolin C (ed), Emerging Diseases of Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818050.ch14

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Figures

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Figure 1

Map of the lower peninsula of Michigan. has been isolated from free-ranging white-tailed deer in the counties that are shaded. The TB (tuberculosis) core area is the region with the highest prevalence of in the white-tailed deer population.

Citation: Whipple D, Palmer M. 2000. Reemergence of Tuberculosis in Animals in the United States, p 281-299. In Brown C, Bolin C (ed), Emerging Diseases of Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818050.ch14
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