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Chapter 19 : Experiences of a Virus Hunter

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Abstract:

For the last 30 years the author has been chasing outbreaks of disease—viral diseases that are as rare and as deadly as any that have ever plagued humankind. In this section the author highlights that virus hunters like him would no longer be needed. One of today's challenges is to solve the interfaces and integrations of the multiple disciplines that are needed to attack the most challenging problems. The authors narrate his experience with the navy who needed vaccine to protect the lab crew from a deadly disease. The head of the lab gave the author free rein, and the crew was vaccinated. The cause for this outbreak was discovered and the author and his team could even predict them to some degree through satellite remote sensing. They had a vaccine proven to protect against the virus, and they began setting things up so that when it hits again, they will have an experimental drug ready to be tested in the most severely ill patients. In 1985 the author made several forays into central Africa as part of a team looking for Marburg, Ebola, and other hemorrhagic fever viruses. The team needed to find out the sources of these viruses and find out why the outbreaks suddenly appeared and just as suddenly disappeared.

Citation: Peters C. 2000. Experiences of a Virus Hunter, p 146-157. In Atlas R (ed), Many Faces, Many Microbes. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818128.ch19

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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
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Citation: Peters C. 2000. Experiences of a Virus Hunter, p 146-157. In Atlas R (ed), Many Faces, Many Microbes. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818128.ch19
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References

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1. Linthicum, K. J.,, A. Anyamba,, C. J. Tucker,, P. W. Kelley,, M. F. Myers,, and C. J. Peters. 1999. Climate and satellite indicators to forecast Rift Valley fever epidemics in Kenya. Science 285:397400.
2. Ksiazek, T. G.,, P. E. Rollin,, A. J. Williams,, D. S. Bressler,, M. L. Martin,, R. Swanepoel,, F. J. Burt,, P. A. Leman,, A. S. Khan,, A. K. Rowe,, R. Mukunu,, A. Sanchez,, and C. J. Peters. 1999. Clinical virology of Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF): virus, virus antigen, and IgG and IgM antibody findings among EHF patients in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1995. J. Infect. Dis. 179:S177187.
3. Peters, C. J.,, and J. W. LeDuc. 1999. An introduction to Ebola: The virus and the disease. J. Infect. Dis. 179:916.
4. Peters, C. J. 1998. Virus Hunter: Thirty Years of Battling Hot Viruses Around the World. Anchor Books, New York, N.Y..
5. Sanchez, A.,, S. G. Trappier,, B. W. Mahy,, C. J. Peters,, and S. T. Nichol. 1996. The virion glycoproteins of Ebola viruses are encoded in two reading frames and are expressed through transcriptional editing. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:36023607.
6. Peters, C. J., 1997. Pathogenesis of viral hemorrhagic fevers, pp. 779799. In N. Nathanson,, R. Ahmed,, F. Gonzalez-Scarano,, D. Griffin,, K. V. Holmes,, F. A. Murphy,, and H. L. Robinson (ed.), Viral Pathogenesis. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, Penn..
7. Duchin, J. S.,, F. T. Koster,, C. J. Peters,, G. L. Simpson,, B. Tempest,, S. R. Zaki,, T. G. Ksiazek,, P. E. Rollin,, S. Nichol,, E. T. Umland,, R. L. Moolenaar,, S. E. Reef,, K. B. Nolte,, M. M. Gallaher,, J. C. Butler,, R. F. Breiman, and the Hantavirus Study Group. 1994. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome: a clinical description of 17 patients with a newly recognized disease. N. Engl. J. Med. 330:949955.
8. Nichol, S. T.,, C. F. Spiropoulou,, S. Morzunov,, P. E. Rollin,, T. G. Ksiazek,, H. Feldmann,, A. Sanchez,, J. Childs,, S. Zaki,, and C. J. Peters. 1993. Genetic identification of a hantavirus associated with an outbreak of acute respiratory illness. Science 262:914917.
9. Peters, C. J.,, E. D. Johnson,, P. B. Jahrling,, T. G. Ksiazek,, P. E. Rollin,, J. White,, W. Hall,, R. Trotter,, and N. Jaax. 1991. Filoviruses, pp. 159175. In S. Morse (ed.), Emerging Viruses. Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y..
10. Peters, C. J.,, P. B. Jahrling,, C. T. Liu,, R. H. Kenyon,, K. T. McKee, Jr.,, and J. G. Barrera Oro,. 1987. Experimental studies of arenaviral hemorrhagic fevers, pp. 568. In M. B. Oldstone (ed.), Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 134. Arenaviruses: Epidemiology and Immunotherapy. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.
11. Peters, C. J.,, J. A. Reynolds,, T. W. Slone,, D. E. Jones,, and E. L. Stephen. 1986. Prophylaxis of Rift Valley fever with antiviral drugs, immune serum, an interferon inducer, and a macrophage activator. Antiviral Res. 6:285297.
12. Peters, C. J.,, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. 1977. Antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity against murine leukemia viral antigens: studies with human lymphoblastoid cell lines and human peripheral lymphocytes as effector cells comparing rabbit, goat, and mouse antisera. J. Immunol. 119:10891096.
13. Peters, C. J.,, R. W. Kuehne,, R. Mercado,, R. H. Le Bow,, R. O. Spertzel,, and P. A. Webb. 1974. Hemorrhagic fever in Cochabamba, Bolivia, 1971. Am. J. Epidemiol. 99:425433.
14. Peters, C. J.,, W. C. Reeves,, V. Rivera,, and K. M. Johnson. 1973. Epidemiology of hepatitis B antigen in Panama. Am. J. Epidemiol. 98:301310.

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