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Chapter 41 : Environment and Education

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Environment and Education, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The author started to build a research program on biodegradation without the preparation of a postdoctoral experience. This made for a fairly slow start. As the department’s only microbiologist, the author found himself involved in a variety of projects, including drinking water safety, virus detection techniques, and pesticide analysis. His research group began developing techniques that used radiolabeled compounds to measure pollutant metabolism in a variety of environmental matrices. According to the author, for microbial transformations to occur in any particular environment, there needed to be a combination of the right organism, the presence of the substrate chemical in a form the microbes could access, and a set of favorable environmental conditions that will dictate whether and how fast degradation may occur. The goal of our research in diverse environments has been to understand how the environmental component regulates what happens. An early manifestation of this goal was the work on community adaptation. Our microbiology, combined with Russ' knowledge of soil organic materials, offers the potential to understand how these two major components of the soil microenvironment relate to each other.

Citation: Pfaender F. 2000. Environment and Education, p 313-320. In Atlas R (ed), Many Faces, Many Microbes. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818128.ch41

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Food Microbiology
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Citation: Pfaender F. 2000. Environment and Education, p 313-320. In Atlas R (ed), Many Faces, Many Microbes. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818128.ch41
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References

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1. Guthrie, E. A.,, and F. K. Pfaender. 1998. Reduced pyrene bioavailability in microbially active soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:501508.
2. Carmiehael, L. M.,, R. F. Christman,, and F. K. Pfaender. 1997. Desorption and mineralization kinetics of phenanthrene and chrysene in contaminated soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31:126132.
3. Dobbins, D. C.,, and F. K. Pfaender. 1988. Methodology for assessing respiration and cellular incorporation of radiolabeled substrates by soil microbial communities. Microb. Ecol. 15:257273.
4. Aelion, C. M.,, C. M. Swindoll,, and F. K. Pfaender. 1987. Adaptation to and biodegradation of xenobiotic compounds by microbial communities from a pristine aquifer. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53:22122217.
5. Pfaender, F. K.,, and G. W. Bartholomew. 1982. Measurement of aquatic biodegradation rates by determining heterotrophic uptake of radiolabeled pollutants. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44:159164.

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