1887

Section 4 : Specimen Management Summary Tables

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Ebook: Choose a downloadable PDF or ePub file. Chapter is a downloadable PDF file. File must be downloaded within 48 hours of purchase

Buy this Chapter
Digital (?) $7.00

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

Specimen Management Summary Tables, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555818234/9781555811389_Chap04-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555818234/9781555811389_Chap04-2.gif

Abstract:

This section presents tables that summarize and document the salient features of the common specimens that arrive in a microbiology laboratory. Table 15 lists bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines. Specimen types include abscess, bite wound, blood cultures, bone marrow, burn, vaginal, cervical and decubitus ulcer. Table 16 includes specimen management for infrequently encountered organisms. Table 17 presents specimen guide for virus isolation. Table 18 offers virology specimen collection guidelines. Table 19 is on parasitology: anatomic sites containing diagnostic stages. The literature supporting these guidelines is included in case further study is warranted.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555818234.chap04

Tables

Generic image for table
Table 15a

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15b

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15c

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15d

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15e

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15f

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15g

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15h

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15i

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15j

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15k

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15l

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15m

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15n

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 15o

Bacteriology and mycology specimen collection guidelines a

a EtOH, ethanol; RT, room temperature; i.v., intravenous; AFB, acid-fast bacilli; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; BAP, blood agar plate; CHOC, chocolate agar; BHI, brain heart infusion; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol fixative.

b All specimens should be transported in leakproof plastic bags having a separate compartment for the requisition.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 16

Specimen management for infrequently encountered organisms (4, 25) a

a SPS, sodium polyanethol sulfonate; AO, acridine orange; FA, fluorescent antibody stain; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; IFA, indirect fluorescent antibody stain.

b Laboratory safety hazard.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 17

Specimen guide for virus isolation a

a CNS, central nervous system; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; CMV, cytomegalovirus; DFA, direct fluorescent antibody; EBV, Epstein-Barr virus; THR, throat; LES, lesion; URN, urine; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; FEC, feces.

b Virus isolation: method of choice for diagnosis. ‘‘Enterovirus’’ includes the historical designation of echovirus and coxsackie A and B viruses.

c Serology: method of choice for diagnosis.

d Includes western equine, eastern equine, St. Louis, and California encephalitis viruses.

e Antigen / nucleic acid detection methods available

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 18

Virology specimen collection guidelines a

a BAL, bronchoalveolar lavage; CSF, cerebral spinal fluid; VTM, viral transport medium; RT, room temperature; CMV, cytomegalovirus; HSV, herpes simplex virus; EBV, Epstein-Barr virus; HIV-1, human immunodeficiency virus type 1; LCMV, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus; EIA, enzyme immunoassay; RSV, respiratory synctial virus; ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; VZV, varicella-zoster virus.

b Dacron-, rayon-, or cotton-tipped swabs with plastic or aluminum shafts are acceptable; calcium alginate swabs or swabs with wooden shafts are not acceptable.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 19

Parasitology: anatomic sites containing diagnostic stages a

a BLD, blood; CNS, central nervous system; GI, gastrointestinal; L/ S, liver / spleen; LN, lymph node; MUS, muscle; RBC, red blood cell; WBC, white blood cell.

b Includes L. tropica, L. mexicana complex, and L. braziliensis complex.

c Wuchereria brancrofti and Brugia malayi.

d Skin snips for M. streptocerca and O. volvulus.

e Naegleria fowleri.

f Clonorchis sinensis.

g Cysticerci.

h IncludesTrypanosoma brucei gambiense and T. brucei rhodesiense.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20a

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20b

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20c

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20d

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20e

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20f

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4
Generic image for table
Table 20g

Parasitology specimen collection guidelines a

a RT, room temperature; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; CNS, central nervous system; FOR, 10% formalin; MIF, merthiolate–iodine-formalin; SAF, sodium acetate-formalin; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

b Collect 10 ml of heparinized blood for buffy coat concentration.

c Additional smears obtained 6, 12, or 24 h after admission may be necessary.

d CSF is specimen of choice for patients infected >6 months.

Citation: Miller J. 1999. Specimen Management Summary Tables, p 141-176. In A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818234.ch4

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error