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Chapter 16 : Expression of the Uhp Sugar-Phosphate Transport System of

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Expression of the Uhp Sugar-Phosphate Transport System of , Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

This chapter reviews the regulation of the Uhp system, which is a sugar-phosphate transport protein whose expression is induced by external glucose 6-phosphate (Glu6P). The presence of organophosphate transport systems in many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria suggests that their organophosphate substrates are widely available. Several organophosphate transport systems have been analyzed in or . Expression of UhpT also occurs as part of the OxyR peroxide response system. As expected, loss of resulted in complete loss of detectable expression. The dominant negative behavior is explained if the truncated variants retain repression of but lack the ability to activate transcription of , analogous to the situation in LuxR. Linker substitution mutations in which the native sequences in the -64 region are converted to an I restriction site reduced or eliminated promoter function, depending on the location of the substitution and the number of base pair residues that were changed. Several surface-exposed regions of the catabolite gene activator protein (CAP) have been found to be necessary for transcription activation at CAP-dependent promoters that do not require the action of other transcription activator proteins. Sugar phosphates that are not directly metabolized by glycolysis also inhibit growth of those cells but do not elicit cell killing or methylglyoxal production.

Citation: Kadner R. 1995. Expression of the Uhp Sugar-Phosphate Transport System of , p 263-274. In Hoch J, Silhavy T (ed), Two-Component Signal Transduction. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818319.ch16

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Figures

Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

Schematic model of Uhp components. The membrane-associated proteins are indicated with their predicted transmembrane topology. My results suggest that UhpB and UhpC act as a signaling complex, in which the binding o f Glu6P to UhpC affects the accessibility or activity of the kinase portion in the C-terminal half o f UhpB. We presume that phosphate transfer occurs from UhpB to Asp-54 in UhpA and that this phosphorylation allows UhpA to activate transcription at the promoter, in conjunction with RNA polymerase holoenzyme and the cyclic AMP-CAP complex. From , with permission.

Citation: Kadner R. 1995. Expression of the Uhp Sugar-Phosphate Transport System of , p 263-274. In Hoch J, Silhavy T (ed), Two-Component Signal Transduction. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818319.ch16
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Schematic model of the location and phenotype of mutants in UhpB. The location of 12-bp linker insertions is indicated in rectangles, relative to the predicted transmembrane topology of the protein. Insertions conferred a range of regulatory phenotypes, including fully constitutive (open boxes), inducible behavior with elevated uninduced level (shaded boxes), or lack of expression (filled boxes). The location and sequence change of single base substitutions that allow Uhp expression in the absence of UhpC function are indicated in the C-terminal portion of UhpB.

Citation: Kadner R. 1995. Expression of the Uhp Sugar-Phosphate Transport System of , p 263-274. In Hoch J, Silhavy T (ed), Two-Component Signal Transduction. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818319.ch16
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

Uhp regulation in double linker insertion mutants

Citation: Kadner R. 1995. Expression of the Uhp Sugar-Phosphate Transport System of , p 263-274. In Hoch J, Silhavy T (ed), Two-Component Signal Transduction. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818319.ch16

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