Chapter 2 : History of Tuberculosis

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in

History of Tuberculosis, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555818357/9781555819101_Chap02-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555818357/9781555819101_Chap02-2.gif


As centuries and millennia passed, human beings began to live in larger and larger communities, and with this shift came environmental changes that were associated with a change in the delicate balance between humans and the tubercle bacillus. Two alternative theories have been proposed to explain the epidemic spread and subsequent decline of tuberculosis that followed. In the 1700s and early 1800s, tuberculosis prevalence peaked in Western Europe and the United States and was undoubtedly the largest cause of death, and 100 to 200 years later, it had spread in full force to Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America. The epidemic grew over the next two centuries and spread through Western Europe. During this phase of the epidemic, almost all Western Europeans became infected with , and about one in four deaths were due to tuberculosis. Army medical officers from Great Britain noted that tuberculosis was unknown in those parts of Africa where European immigration had not occurred. By matching microbial drug susceptibility patterns, one patient with tuberculosis laryngitis was identified as particularly infectious. Modern parallels are presented by microepidemics in poorly ventilated areas, of which few are more dramatic than the one described by Catanzaro just 100 years after Koch's demonstration of the tubercle bacillus.

Citation: Daniel T, Downes K, Bates J. 1994. History of Tuberculosis, p 13-24. In Bloom B (ed), Tuberculosis. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818357.ch2
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


1. Alling, D. W.,, and E. B. Bosworth. 1960. The after-history of pulmonary tuberculosis. VI. The first fifteen years following diagnosis. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 81:839849.
2. Allison, M. R.,, O. Mendoza,, and A. Pezzia. 1973. Documentation of a case of tuberculosis in pre-Columbian America. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 107: 985991.
3. Bloom, B. R.,, and C. J. L. Murray. 1992. Tuberculosis: commentary on a reemergant killer. Science 257:10551064.
4. Bothamley, G. H.,, and J. M. Grange. 1991. The Koch phenomenon and delayed hypersensitivity: 1891-1991. Tubercle 72:711.
5. Brown, P.,, F. Cathala,, and D. C. Gajdusek. 1981. Mycobacterial and fungal sensitivity patterns among remote population groups in Papua New Guinea and in the Hebrides, Solomon and Caroline Islands. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 30:10851093.
6. Brudney, K.,, and J. Dobkin. 1991. Resurgent tuberculosis in New York City. Human immunodeficiency virus, homelessness, and the decline of tuberculosis control programs. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 144:745749.
7. Buikstra, J. E.,, and D. C. Cook,. 1981. Pre-Columbian tuberculosis in West-Central Illinois: prehistoric disease in biocultural perspective, p. 115139. In J. E. Buikstra (ed.), Prehistoric Tuberculosis in the Americas. Northwestern University Archeological Program, Evanston, I11.
8. Bushnell, G. E. 1930. Epidemiology of Tuberculosis, p. 157. William Wood and Co., Baltimore.
9. Castiglioni, A. 1933. History of tuberculosis. Med. Life 40:196.
10. Catanzaro, A. 1982. Nosocomial tuberculosis. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 125:559562.
11. Chadwick, E. 1914. In the Footsteps of the Brontes. Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, London.
12. Chase, M. W. 1985. Immunology and experimental dermatology. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 3:129.
13. Chase, M. W. 1988. Early days in cellular immunology. Allergy Proc. 9:683687.
14. Clark, G. 1962. World Prehistory. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
15. Comstock, G. W. 1978. Tuberculosis in twins: a reanalysis of the Prophit survey. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 117:621624.
16. Cummins, S. L. 1920. Tuberculosis in primitive tribes and its bearing on the tuberculosis of civilized communities. Int. J. Public Health 1:137171.
17. Cummins, S. L. 1949. Tuberculosis in History. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore.
18. Davidson, O.,, and C. M. Jones. 1971. Great Women Tennis Players. Pelham Books, London.
19. Diamond, J. M. 1992. The arrow of disease. Discover 13(10):6473.
20. Doetsch, R. N. 1978. Benjamin Marten and his "new theory of consumptions." Microbiol. Rev. 42:521528.
21. Dubos, R.,, and J. Dubos. 1952. Tuberculosis, Man, and Society: the White Plague. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
22. Ferguson, R. G.. 1955. Studies in Tuberculosis, p. 6. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
23. Fraser, R.. 1988. The Brontes: Charlotte Bronte and Her Family. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York.
24. Frieden, T. R.,, T. Sterling,, A. Pablos-Mendez,, J. O. Kilburn,, G. M. Cauthen,, and S. W. Dooley. 1993. The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis in New York City. N. Engl. J. Med. 328:521526.
25. Frost, W. H. 1939. The age selection of mortality from tuberculosis in successive decades. Am. J. Hyg. 30:9196.
26. Grange, J. M.,, and P. J. Bishop. 1982. "Uber Tu-berkulose": a tribute to Robert Koch's discovery of the tubercle bacillus, 1882. Tubercle 63:317.
27. Graunt, J. 1662. Natural and Political Observations Mentioned in a Following Index and Made upon the Bills of Mortality. [Reprint, Ayer, Salem, N.H., 1975].
28. Grigg, E. R. 1958. The arcana of tuberculosis. Am. Rev. Tuberc. Respir. Dis. 78:151172, 426453,583603.
29. Hamilton, W. D.,, R. Axelrod,, and R. Tanese. 1990. Sexual reproduction as an adaptation to resist parasites. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:35663573.
30. Koch, R.. 1932. Die Aetiologie der Tuberculose. Am. Rev. Tuberc. 25:285323. [Translated from the original 1882 article by Berna Pinner and Max Pinner.]
31. Kochi, A. 1991. The global tuberculosis situation and the new control strategy of the World Health Organization. Tubercle 72:16.
32. Laennec, R. T. H.. 1962. A Treatise on the Disease of the Chest. Hafner Publishing Co., New York. [Reprint of original 1821 edition.]
33. Lichenstein, H.. 1928. Travels in Africa, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806. [Reprint of translation by A. Plumptre from the original German, The Van Rierberck Society, Cape Town, South Africa.]
34. Livingstone, D. 1857. Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa. Ward Lock, London.
35. Lurie, M. B. 1964. Resistance to Tuberculosis. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
36. Major, R. H. 1945. Classic Descriptions of Disease, 3rd ed. Charles C Thomas Publishing, Springfield, Ill.
37. Marble, A.,, and D. Lcatherman. 1991. Courting Danger: My Adventures in World-Class Tennis, Golden Age Hollywood, and High Stakes Spying. St. Martin's Press, New York.
38. McGrath, J. W. 1988. Social networks of disease spread in the lower Illinois valley: a simulation approach. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 77:483496.
39. Morse, D.,, D. R. Brothwell,, and P. J. Ucko. 1964. Tuberculosis in ancient Egypt. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 90:524541.
40. Perzigian, A. J.,, and L. Widmer. 1979. Evidence for tuberculosis in a prehistoric population. JAMA 241:26432646.
41. Phietze, K. H.,, M. M. Pyle,, H. C. Hinshaw,, and W. H. Feldman. 1955. The first clinical trial of streptomycin in human tuberculosis. Am. Rev. Tuberc. 71: 752754.
42. Ponce Sangines, C. 1969. Tunupa y Ekako: Estudio Archeologico Acerca de las Efigies Percolombinas de Dorso Adunco. Los Amigos del Libro, La Paz, Bolivia.
43. Pottenger, F. M. 1948. Tuberculosis: a Discussion of Phthisiogenesis, Immunology, Pathogenic Physiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. The C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis.
44. Richman, M. 1977. The man who made John Harvard. Harvard Mag. 80:4651.
45. Riley, R. L.,, C. C. Mills,, F. O'Grady,, L. U. Sultan,, F. Wittstadt,, and D. N. Shivpuri. 1962. Infectiousness of air from a tuberculosis ward. Ultraviolet irradiation of infected air. Comparative infectiousness of different patients. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 85:511525.
46. Robitzek, E. H.,, and I. J. Selikoff. 1952. Hydrazine derivatives of isonicotinic acid (Rimifon, Marsilid) in the treatment of active progressive caseous-pneumonic tuberculosis. Am. Rev. Tuberc. 65:402428.
47. Sakula, A.. 1982. Robert Koch: centenary of the discovery of the tubercle bacillus, 1882. Bull. Int. Union Tuberc. 57:111116.
48. Sakula, A. 1983. BCG: who were Calmette and Guérin? Thorax 38:806812.
49. Stead, W. W. 1992. Genetics and resistance to tuberculosis. Ann. Int. Med. 116:93794.
50. Steele, J. H.,, and A. F. Ranney. 1958. Animal tuberculosis. Am. Rev. Tuberc. 77:908922.
51. Waksman, S. A. 1964. The Conquest of Tuberculosis. University of California Press, Berkeley.
52. Webb, G. B. 1936. Tuberculosis. Paul B. Hoeber Inc., New York.
53. Wilkinson, E. 1914. Notes on the prevalence of tuberculosis in India. Proc. R. Soc. Med. 8:195225.

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error