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Chapter 57 : Temperate Bacteriophages

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Abstract:

is susceptible to a variety of bacteriophages, both virulent (lytic) and temperate (capable of forming lysogens). Mutations in the operator or in the repressor sequence alter binding in ways that agree with evidence that the repressor interacts with the canonical operator sequence with specific amino acid-nucleotide interactions. An unusual incompatibility phenomenon involving prophage SPO2 and the plasmid pC194, which is often used in , has been described in this chapter. The amino acid sequence of the SPO2 DNA polymerase has some similarity to those of the carboxyl ends of DNA polymerase I and coliphage T7 DNA polymerase in the region that is believed to encode the DNA-binding domain and to various other motifs in the Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase I and other polymerases. Genes for thymidylate synthetase have been cloned from ø3T (gene thyP3) and from p11 (gene thyP11). The cloned genes carry their own promoters and are expressed in and . The particular cytidylic acids affected differ from phage to phage and lie within the sequences corresponding to one or another restriction endonuclease target. Sequence comparisons of multispecific DNA methyltransferases are being studied to shed light on the evolution of these enzymes. The widespread distribution of group V defective prophages in strains of has led to speculation that the prophages may carry out some essential function in the lives of the bacteria.

Citation: Zahler S. 1993. Temperate Bacteriophages, p 831-842. In Sonenshein A, Hoch J, Losick R (ed), and Other Gram-Positive Bacteria. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818388.ch57

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Figure 1

.105 operator region. The six known sites to which the 105 repressor binds are indicated by dark bars. The Pand P promoters, the gene that encodes the repressor protein (c ), and the first gene of the late operon () are shown. The direction of each operator sequence is indicated by short arrows beneath the bars. See reference for further details.

Citation: Zahler S. 1993. Temperate Bacteriophages, p 831-842. In Sonenshein A, Hoch J, Losick R (ed), and Other Gram-Positive Bacteria. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818388.ch57
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Characteristics of phages

Citation: Zahler S. 1993. Temperate Bacteriophages, p 831-842. In Sonenshein A, Hoch J, Losick R (ed), and Other Gram-Positive Bacteria. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818388.ch57
Generic image for table
Table 2

DNA methyltransferases of group III phages

Citation: Zahler S. 1993. Temperate Bacteriophages, p 831-842. In Sonenshein A, Hoch J, Losick R (ed), and Other Gram-Positive Bacteria. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818388.ch57

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