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Chapter 4 : Ecological Approaches to Studying Zoonoses

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Abstract:

Concern over emerging infectious diseases and a better understanding of their causes have resulted in increasing recognition of the linkages among human, animal, and ecosystem health. Historically, the connection between animal and human health was understood and accepted, with the term “One Medicine” appearing in English texts as long ago as the 19th century ( ). However, during the early 20th century, human and veterinary medicine diverged into discrete fields with reduced overlap. At this time, infectious diseases afflicting humans and animals were rarely considered in the context of broader environmental issues ( ).

Citation: Loh E, Murray K, Zambrana-Torrelio C, Hosseini P, Rostal M, Karesh W, Daszak P. 2014. Ecological Approaches to Studying Zoonoses, p 53-66. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0009-2012

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The One Health approach recognizes the inherent relationships among human, environmental, and animal health. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0009-2012.f1

Citation: Loh E, Murray K, Zambrana-Torrelio C, Hosseini P, Rostal M, Karesh W, Daszak P. 2014. Ecological Approaches to Studying Zoonoses, p 53-66. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0009-2012
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Dynamic equilibrium model of island biogeography. The effects of island size (small [S] and large [L]) and island isolation (near [N] and far [F]) on the number of species (S) and the rate of species turnover (T) are represented. From reference . doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0009-2012.f2

Citation: Loh E, Murray K, Zambrana-Torrelio C, Hosseini P, Rostal M, Karesh W, Daszak P. 2014. Ecological Approaches to Studying Zoonoses, p 53-66. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0009-2012
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