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Chapter 1 : Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty

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Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The health impact of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) reflects their chronic and disabling features. But there are also educational and socioeconomic consequences that may even be greater. Neglect occurs at many different levels: at the community level because the NTDs arouse fear and inflict stigmas, at the national level because the NTDs occur in remote and rural areas and are often a low priority for health ministers, and at the international level because they are not perceived as global health threats. Despite their global importance, we so far have no Bono equivalent to champion the plight of the 1 billion of the world’s poorest people who suffer from NTDs, and the total dollars thus far committed to NTD control are currently measured in the millions, not the billions. Fortunately, this picture of neglect may one day turn an important corner, in part because of a new resolve by the WHO and national ministries of health, together with several key public-private partnerships dedicated to NTD control. The world’s most influential finance ministers and policymakers have begun to regard improvements in global health as an important tool for poverty reduction.

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1

Key Concept Ranking

Human African Trypanosomiasis
0.5490377
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
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Infectious Diseases
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Figures

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Figure 1.1

Burden of NTDs (blinding trachoma, river blindness, Chagas disease, soil-transmitted helminth infections, guinea worm infection, schistosomiasis, sleeping sickness, visceral leishmaniasis, and lymphatic filariasis). This map displays countries where one or more of these diseases are endemic, based on 2009–2010 data and international borders. (Interactive version available at www.unitingtocombatntds.org/ntd-burden-map-interactive [© Global Health Strategies/Neglected Tropical Diseases, WHO].)

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1
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Image of Figure 1.2
Figure 1.2

Disfiguring effects of the NTDs. (Top) Elephantiasis of the leg due to filariasis, Luzon, the Philippines. (Bottom) Guinea worm infection, with female worm emerging from the patient's foot. (Images from Public Health Image Library, CDC [http://phil.cdc.gov].)

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1
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References

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Tables

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Table 1.1

The MDGs

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1
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Table 1.2

The NTDs (core group of 17)

Compiled from ; and .

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1
Generic image for table
Table 1.3

The 17 NTDs ranked by prevalence

Compiled from ; and www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index2.html

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1
Generic image for table
Table 1.4

Major attributes of the NTDs

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1
Generic image for table
Table 1.5

Ranking of the “gang of four” by deaths and DALYs

Modified from Hotez et al., 2006a.

Modified from Murray et al., 2012.

Citation: Hotez P. 2013. Introduction to the Neglected Tropical Diseases: the Ancient Afflictions of Stigma and Poverty, p 1-16. In Forgotten People Forgotten Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818753.ch1

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