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Chapter 22 : Peri- and Postharvest Factors in the Control of Shiga Toxin-Producing in Beef

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Peri- and Postharvest Factors in the Control of Shiga Toxin-Producing in Beef, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Based on outbreak data acquired from 1998 to 2008 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), known food-borne etiological agents were estimated to have caused 4,589 outbreaks, 9,638,301 cases, 57,462 hospitalizations, and 1,451 deaths per year in the United States ( ). From these data, it was estimated that 482,199 cases (5.0%), 2,650 hospitalizations (0.03%), and 51 deaths (0.0005%) were attributable to bacteria consumed from beef. Of the 4,589 outbreaks, 103 (2.2%) and 3 (0.065%) were further attributable to beef-acquired Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) O157 and non-O157 strains. Of the outbreaks caused by STEC O157 and non-O157 STEC strains for all food commodities combined, 103 of 186 (55.3%) and 3 of 6 (50%), respectively, were attributable to beef. On the basis of data acquired from the CDC from 2000 to 2008, of 9,388,075 cases of domestically acquired food-borne illness in the United States caused by 31 major pathogens, 63,153 (0.67%) were due to STEC O157 and 112,752 (1.20%) were due to non-O157 STEC infection ( ). In the same study, of 35,796 hospitalizations, 2,138 (5.97%) were due to STEC O157 and 271 (0.76%) were due to non-O157 STEC; of 861 deaths, 20 (2.32%) were due to STEC O157 and 0 were due to non-O157 STEC infection.

Citation: Moxley R, Acuff G. 2015. Peri- and Postharvest Factors in the Control of Shiga Toxin-Producing in Beef, p 457-476. In Sperandio V, Hovde C (ed), Enterohemorrhagic and Other Shiga Toxin-Producing . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.EHEC-0017-2013
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Tables

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TABLE 1

USDA-FSIS table of safe and suitable antimicrobials for beef

Citation: Moxley R, Acuff G. 2015. Peri- and Postharvest Factors in the Control of Shiga Toxin-Producing in Beef, p 457-476. In Sperandio V, Hovde C (ed), Enterohemorrhagic and Other Shiga Toxin-Producing . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.EHEC-0017-2013

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