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Chapter 5.1.5 : A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds

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Abstract:

The aim of this chapter is to give an overview of aerobic biodegradation of petroleum aromatic compounds. Among the wide variety of petroleum aromatic compounds that occur, BTEX, PAHs, and HACs are the principal components of petroleum and their toxicities are relatively higher than other components, such as alkanes. This chapter will focus on degradation pathways and enzymes used by microorganisms capable of metabolizing BTEX, four representative PAHs, naphthalene, phenanthrene, fluorene, and pyrene and three HACs, carbazole, dibenzothiophene and dibenzofuran.

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
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FIGURE 1

Degradation pathways of BTEX. In parentheses are strain names that possess the enzyme. doi:10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5.f1

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Degradation pathways of naphthalene (a), phenanthrene (b), fluorene (c), and pyrene (d). doi:10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5.f2

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
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Image of FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3

Degradation pathways of carbazole (a), dibenzothiophene (b), and dibenzofuran (c). doi:10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5.f3

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

BTEX chemical structures and properties

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

BTEX-degrading strains, source of the isolates, degradation genes, and references

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
Generic image for table
TABLE 3

PAHs chemical structures and properties

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
Generic image for table
TABLE 4

Naphthalene, fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, and pyrene-degrading strains, source of the isolates, degradation genes, and references

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
Generic image for table
TABLE 5

HAC chemical structures and properties

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5
Generic image for table
TABLE 6

HACs-degrading strains, source of the isolates, degradation genes, and references

Citation: Inoue K, Pinyakong O, Kasuga K, Nojiri H. 2016. A Basic Introduction to Aerobic Biodegradation of Petroleum Aromatic Compounds, p 5.1.5-1-5.1.5-18. In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch5.1.5

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