Chapter 19 : Selected Topics in Aerobic Bacteriology

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Aerobic Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria can be important pathogens in the immunocompromised host, especially in individuals who have compromised humoral immunity. Emphasis in this section will be placed on the most common bacteria that are associated with the immunocompromised host, although other aerobic bacteria will be discussed in certain sections for completeness. Aerobic bacteria are those that survive in the presence of oxygen, for example, in room air; they may grow in the laboratory under anaerobic conditions as well, but they prefer aerobic conditions. Some are obligate aerobes, such as and ; others are facultative anaerobes, surviving with and without oxygen, such as and members of the (such as and spp.). Obligate anaerobes include and most spp. Some anaerobes, such as , are termed aerotolerant anaerobes since their metabolism is anaerobic, but they can exist in the presence of oxygen. Lastly, there are microaerophilic bacteria, such as spp., which grow optimally in an environment in which the amount of oxygen is reduced but not eliminated.

Citation: Hall G, Carroll K. 2016. Selected Topics in Aerobic Bacteriology, p 467-491. In Hayden R, Wolk D, Carroll K, Tang Y (ed),

Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host, Second Edition

. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.DMIH2-0027-2016
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Table 1

Common aerobic Gram-positive bacilli

Citation: Hall G, Carroll K. 2016. Selected Topics in Aerobic Bacteriology, p 467-491. In Hayden R, Wolk D, Carroll K, Tang Y (ed),

Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host, Second Edition

. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.DMIH2-0027-2016
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Table 2

Common aerobic Gram-positive cocci

Citation: Hall G, Carroll K. 2016. Selected Topics in Aerobic Bacteriology, p 467-491. In Hayden R, Wolk D, Carroll K, Tang Y (ed),

Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host, Second Edition

. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.DMIH2-0027-2016
Generic image for table
Table 3

Common aerobic Gram-negative bacilli

Citation: Hall G, Carroll K. 2016. Selected Topics in Aerobic Bacteriology, p 467-491. In Hayden R, Wolk D, Carroll K, Tang Y (ed),

Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host, Second Edition

. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.DMIH2-0027-2016
Generic image for table
Table 4

Common microbes and infections associated with certain impaired functions in the immune system

Citation: Hall G, Carroll K. 2016. Selected Topics in Aerobic Bacteriology, p 467-491. In Hayden R, Wolk D, Carroll K, Tang Y (ed),

Diagnostic Microbiology of the Immunocompromised Host, Second Edition

. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.DMIH2-0027-2016

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