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Chapter 1 : Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples

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Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Some ancient burial grounds are valuable testimonies of past epidemics. For both funerary archaeologists and paleobiologists, such archaeological sites offer a remarkable research framework to reveal unfamiliar aspects of these historical events, especially those that occurred during periods for which very few or no written sources exist. The multiplicity of congresses, articles, and syntheses on this topic in recent years illustrates the interdisciplinary research that has progressively emerged over the past two decades.

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015
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Figures

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Figure 1

Names and locations of the seven European burial sites used for the demographic analysis.

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015
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Figure 2

Examples of burials with simultaneous deposits (i.e., mass graves): Poitiers, Poitou-Charentes, France (a); Dreux, Eure-et-Loir, France (b); Dendermonde, Belgium (c).

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015
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Figure 3

Proportion of non-adults for each plague site.

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015
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Figure 4

Distribution of ages at death for immature subjects. Comparisons with theoretical values of Ledermann (1969): Justinian’s plague, 6th century (a); Black Death, 14th century (b); resurgences, 16th century (c).

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015
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Figure 5

Adult sex distribution for each plague site. Sex ratio of the Barcelona sample is unknown due to the low number of sexed individuals.

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015
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References

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Tables

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TABLE 1

Demographic data (number of individuals, age, sex, mortality quotients, juvenility index) for each plague site

Citation: Castex D, Kacki S. 2017. Demographic Patterns Distinctive of Epidemic Cemeteries in Archaeological Samples, p 1-11. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0015-2015

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