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Chapter 18 : Human Lice in Paleoentomology and Paleomicrobiology

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Abstract:

Lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) are permanent obligate parasites of birds and mammals. Approximately 4,900 species of lice are recorded and distributed into four suborders: chewing or biting lice, including Rhynchophthirina, Ischnocera, and Amblycera, and sucking lice, Anoplura ( ).

Citation: Drali R, Mumcuoglu K, Raoult D. 2016. Human Lice in Paleoentomology and Paleomicrobiology, p 181-190. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0005-2014
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Figures

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Figure 1

Maximum likelihood (ML) phylogram of the cytochrome mitochondrial gene. ML bootstrapping supporting values greater than 75 are located above the nodes. Mitochondrial clade memberships are indicated to the right of each tree. GenBank accession numbers, manuscript lead author, and locality are indicated for each louse specimen. Localities are abbreviated as follows: Florida, FL; Georgia, GA; Maryland, MD; Democratic Republic of the Congo, RDC; United Kingdom, UK; Utah, UT.

Citation: Drali R, Mumcuoglu K, Raoult D. 2016. Human Lice in Paleoentomology and Paleomicrobiology, p 181-190. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0005-2014
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Map showing major areas of ancient lice recovery worldwide. The numbers in parentheses refer to references.

Citation: Drali R, Mumcuoglu K, Raoult D. 2016. Human Lice in Paleoentomology and Paleomicrobiology, p 181-190. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0005-2014
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Image of Figure 3
Figure 3

Maximum-likelihood (ML) phylogram of the cytochrome mitochondrial gene. ML bootstrapping supporting values greater than 50 are located above the nodes. Mitochondrial clade memberships are indicated to the right of each tree.

Citation: Drali R, Mumcuoglu K, Raoult D. 2016. Human Lice in Paleoentomology and Paleomicrobiology, p 181-190. In Drancourt M, Raoult D (ed), Paleomicrobiology of Humans. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PoH-0005-2014
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