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Chapter 12 : Sports: the Infectious Hazards

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Abstract:

Sporting events have been a favorite pastime for countless generations. We participate in sports for recreation, competition, and good health ( Fig. 1 ). The hazards usually associated with sports are traumatic: strains, sprains, fractures, and concussion. People are generally unaware of infectious complications until they are highlighted by the media, such as when several players in the National Football League (NFL) developed skin infections involving antibiotic-resistant bacteria, when professional basketball star Magic Johnson was diagnosed with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and the recent outbreak of mumps in the National Hockey League. Alas, recreational athletes and even spectators are not exempt from infectious hazards either. An outbreak of campylobacteriosis among participants of a long-distance obstacle adventure course has shown that even weekend warriors may be affected by sports-related infections. This chapter highlights the mechanisms by which infectious agents may be spread during sports, the treatment options available, and preventive strategies.

Citation: Minooee A, Wang J, Gupta G. 2016. Sports: the Infectious Hazards, p 251-265. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0014-2015
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Figures

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Figure 1

Photo courtesy of and reproduced with permission from Dr. Marian Wymore.

Citation: Minooee A, Wang J, Gupta G. 2016. Sports: the Infectious Hazards, p 251-265. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0014-2015
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Figure 2

Pitted keratolysis. Plantar hyperhidrosis with malodorous feet. Reproduced with permission from UpToDate. .

Citation: Minooee A, Wang J, Gupta G. 2016. Sports: the Infectious Hazards, p 251-265. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0014-2015
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Figure 3

Tinea corporis. Reproduced with permission from www.dermaamin.com.

Citation: Minooee A, Wang J, Gupta G. 2016. Sports: the Infectious Hazards, p 251-265. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0014-2015
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555819231.chap12
1. Adams BB . 2002. Dermatologic disorders of the athlete. Sports Med 32 : 309321.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
2. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness . 1999. Human immunodeficiency virus and other blood-borne viral pathogens in the athletic setting. Pediatrics 104 : 14001403.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
3. American Medical Society for Sports Medicine and American Academy of Sports Medicine . 1995. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other blood-borne pathogens in sports (joint position statement): the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) and the American Academy of Sports Medicine (AASM). Am J Sports Med 23 : 510514.[CrossRef]
4. Borchers JR,, Best TM . 2007. Infectious disease and sports medicine. Clin Sports Med 26 : 449471.
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10. Stern EJ,, Galloway R,, Shadomy SV,, Wannemuehler K,, Atrubin D,, Blackmore C,, Wofford T,, Wilkins PP,, Ari MD,, Harris L,, Clark TA . 2010. Outbreak of leptospirosis among Adventure Race participants in Florida, 2005. Clin Infect Dis 50 : 843849.[PubMed] [CrossRef]

Tables

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TABLE 1

Common etiologies of sports-related infections

Citation: Minooee A, Wang J, Gupta G. 2016. Sports: the Infectious Hazards, p 251-265. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0014-2015
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TABLE 2

Infectious diseases associated with water sports

Citation: Minooee A, Wang J, Gupta G. 2016. Sports: the Infectious Hazards, p 251-265. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0014-2015

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