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Chapter 14 : Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The types of diseases acquired during travel are dependent on the types of sexual activity, the types of sexual partners, and the reasons/type of travel that occurred. For example, the diseases and social situation of a military base are different from those of a refugee camp, which in turn are much different from the situations encountered by casual travelers. Travel is an important factor in the spread of new types of infections, such as antimicrobial-resistant and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In areas where STI incidence is low, travelers are often implicated in the reestablishment of new epidemic foci (reintroductions), as occurred in the reintroduction of syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) to disease-free areas in Europe and North America. In this chapter, we review the clinical syndromes and epidemiology of the most commonly encountered STIs, as well as the clinical and behavioral aspects of travel and STI epidemiology.

Citation: Avery A, Zenilman J. 2016. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, p 289-305. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0011-2015
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Figures

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Figure 1

A photomicrograph of a wet-mounted vaginal discharge specimen reveals numbers of protozoan parasites. This image was taken from the CDC-Phil image ID# 14500.

Citation: Avery A, Zenilman J. 2016. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, p 289-305. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0011-2015
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Bacterial vaginosis. Clue cells with a ground-glass appearance are shown. This image was taken from the CDC-Phil image ID# 3719.

Citation: Avery A, Zenilman J. 2016. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, p 289-305. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0011-2015
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Figure 3

Chancre: primary syphilis. Penile chancre due to primary syphilitic infection caused by . This image was taken from the CDC-Phil image ID# 5799.

Citation: Avery A, Zenilman J. 2016. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, p 289-305. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0011-2015
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References

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Tables

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TABLE 1

Major STI syndromes and their common causative agents

Citation: Avery A, Zenilman J. 2016. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, p 289-305. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0011-2015
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TABLE 2

STI prevention strategy

Citation: Avery A, Zenilman J. 2016. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Travel: from Boudoir to Bordello, p 289-305. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0011-2015

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