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Chapter 15 : Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos

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Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Tattoos and body piercing have received more attention from the medical community in recent years. The increasing acceptance of tattoo and body piercing culture by mainstream society is evidenced by the popularity of numerous reality television shows, particularly those focused on tattooing. Temporary tattoos and body jewelry (without actual piercing) are popular decorative items for children as well. The term “body modification” or “body art” has been used to describe procedures that “enhance” a person’s appearance, whether permanent or temporary. These procedures include tattooing, body piercing, scarification, branding, and surgical modifications. For many people, body modification represents a form of artistic or creative expression that provides long-term enjoyment and thus can be considered a recreational pursuit. A positive effect of the increased interest in tattoos and body piercing has been the development of standardized protocols of infection control to protect the health and safety of both the client and the tattooist or piercer. Though the incidence of serious postprocedure complications appears to be low, a significant number of tattoos and body piercings are still performed by personnel who often do not follow appropriate precautions, thus increasing the possibility of both infectious and noninfectious complications.

Citation: Patel M, Cobbs C. 2016. Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos, p 307-323. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0016-2015
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Figures

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Figure 1

Professional tattoo machines.

Citation: Patel M, Cobbs C. 2016. Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos, p 307-323. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0016-2015
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Professional tattoo needles. Seven count (upper needle) and two count (lower needle) configurations are shown.

Citation: Patel M, Cobbs C. 2016. Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos, p 307-323. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0016-2015
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References

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1. Abiona TC,, Balogun JA,, Adefuye AS,, Sloan PE . 2010. Body art practices among inmates: implications for transmission of bloodborne infections. Am J Infect Control 38 : 121129.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
2. Anderson WR,, Summerton DJ,, Sharma DM,, Holmes SA . 2003. The urologist’s guide to genital piercing. BJU Int 91 : 245251.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
3. Giulieri S,, Morisod B,, Edney T,, Ödman M,, Genné M,, Malinveri R,, Hammann C,, Musumeci E,, Voide C,, Greub G,, Masserey E,, Bille J,, Cavassini M,, Jaton K . 2011. Outbreak of Mycobacterium haemophilum infections after permanent makeup of the eyebrows. Clin Infect Dis 52 : 488491.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
4. Kaatz M,, Elsner P,, Bauer A . 2008. Body-modifying concepts and dermatologic problems: tattooing and piercing. Clin Dermatol 26 : 3544.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
5. Shebani SO,, Miles HFJ,, Simmons P,, Stickley J,, De Giovanni JV . 2007. Awareness of the risk of endocarditis associated with tattooing and body piercing among patients with congenital heart disease and paediatric cardiologists in the United Kingdom. Arch Dis Child 92 : 10131014.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
6. Tohme RA,, Holmberg SD . 2012. Transmission of hepatitis C virus infection through tattooing and piercing: a critical review. Clin Infect Dis 54 : 11671178.[PubMed] [CrossRef]

Tables

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TABLE 1

Overview of infectious complications of body piercing

Citation: Patel M, Cobbs C. 2016. Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos, p 307-323. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0016-2015
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

Endocarditis associated with tattooing and body piercing

Citation: Patel M, Cobbs C. 2016. Infections from Body Piercing and Tattoos, p 307-323. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0016-2015

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