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Chapter 9 : Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat

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Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Numerous methods have been used by countless countries attempting to eradicate the rat, but it continues to successfully colonize both urban and rural settings on a global level. One novel approach first introduced in Asia and Europe and then in the United States was the use of domestic ferrets for rodent control.

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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Figures

Image of Figure 1
Figure 1

Infected finger of a child with monkeypox (Marshfield, WI, index case). The patient was bitten by a prairie dog on 27 May 2003; the primary inoculation site was the right index finger. The photo was taken 14 days after the prairie dog bite (11 days after the onset of febrile illness [hospital day 5]). Courtesy of Kurt Reed, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, WI.

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Eschar on posterior right calf of patient with rickettsialpox. Reprinted from Krusell A, Comer JA, Sexton DJ. 2002. Rickettsialpox in North Carolina: a case report. 727–728.

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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Figure 3

Tropical rat mite dermatitis. Note the three bites, referred to as “breakfast, lunch, and dinner.”

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555819231.chap9
1. Baumstark J,, Beck W,, Hofmann . 2007. Outbreak of tropical rat mite (Ornithonyssus bacoti) dermatitis in a home for disabled persons. Dermatology 215 : 6668.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
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3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . 2003. Multistate outbreak of monkeypox-Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 52 : 537540.[PubMed]
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13. Haggard CN . 1955. Rat mite dermatitis in children. Pediatrics 15 : 322324.[PubMed]
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18. Kosoy M,, Khlyap L,, Cosson JF,, Morand S . 2015. Aboriginal and invasive rats of genus Rattus as hosts of infectious agents. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 15 : 312.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
19. Krojgaard LH,, Villumsen S,, Markussen MD,, Jensen JS,, Leirs H,, Heiberg AC . 2009. High prevalence of Leptospira spp. in sewer rats (Rattus norvegicus). Epidemiol Infect 137 : 15861592.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
20. Nunez JJ,, Fritz CL,, Knust B,, Buttke D,, Enge B,, Novak MG,, Kramer V,, Osadebe L,, Messenger S,, Albariño CG,, Ströher U,, Niemela M,, Amman BR,, Wong D,, Manning CR,, Nichol ST,, Rollin PE,, Xia D,, Watt JP,, Vugia DJ , Yosemite Hantavirus Outbreak Investigation Team . 2012. Hantavirus infections among overnight visitors to Yosemite National Park, California, USA, 2012. Emerg Infect Dis 20 : 386393.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
21. Purcell RH,, Engle RE,, Rood MP,, Kabrane-Lazizi Y,, Nguyen HT,, Govindarajan S,, St. Claire M,, Emerson SU . 2011. Hepatitis E virus in rats, Los Angeles, California, USA. Emerg Infect Dis 17 : 22162222.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
22. Riley WA . 1940. Rat mite dermatitis in Minnesota. Minn Med 23 : 423424.
23. Rosen S,, Yeruham I,, Braverman Y . 2002. Dermatitis in humans associated with the mites Pyemotes tritici, Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus bacoti and Androlaelaps casalis in Israel. Med Vet Entomol 16 : 442444.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
24. Swanson S,, Snider C,, Braden CR,, Boxrud D,, Wünschmann A,, Rudroff JA,, Lockett J,, Smith KE . 2007. Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium associated with pet rodents. N Engl J Med 356 : 2128.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
25. Theis J,, Lavoipierre MM,, LaPerriere R,, Kroese H . 1981. Tropical rat mite dermatitis. Report of six cases and review of mite infestations. Arch Dermatol 117 : 341343.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
26. Wainschel J . 1971. Rat mite bite. JAMA 216 : 1964. [CrossRef]
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Tables

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TABLE 1

Clinical signs of rat-bite fever

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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TABLE 2

Summary of common zoonotic pathogens associated with Norway and black rats ( and ) in urban centers

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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TABLE 3

Selected ectoparasites of rodents with zoonotic potential

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015
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TABLE 4

Reports of –induced dermatitis in humans in the United States from 1931 through 2008

Citation: Fox J. 2016. Diseases Transmitted by Man’s Worst Friend: the Rat, p 201-226. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fifth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.IOL5-0015-2015

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