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Chapter 3 : Fungal Zoonoses

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Abstract:

Dermatophytoses are chronic fungal infections caused by dermatophytes, that is, keratinophilic fungi that are able to utilize keratin-containing structures (hair, nails, scales, etc.) from humans and animals. They belong to the genera , and of the family . Individual species may be anthropophilic, zoophilic, or geophilic. Zoophilic species from warm-blooded animals with overt or latent infections may, if transmitted to humans, give rise to severe cases of dermatitis. Transmission from human to human is possible, although infectivity decreases with each passage and dies out after three to four passages. Anthropophilic dermatophytes, such as , and , can also (although rarely) be transmitted from humans to animals, in whom they may cause skin diseases. In turn, these animals could be a source for human infections. The same chain may operate in primarily geophilic species, such as and

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03
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Figures

Image of Figure 3.1
Figure 3.1

Tinea capitis (Alopecia areata) caused by (Archives of the Dermatology Department, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.)

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03
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Image of Figure 3.2
Figure 3.2

Tinea corporis. Patch of a infection following contact with an infected cat. (Courtesy of Prof. W. Meinhof, Dermatology Department, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Aachen, Germany.)

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03
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Image of Figure 3.3
Figure 3.3

Deep trichophytosis in a farmer, caused by T following contact with infected cattle. (Archives of the Dermatology Department, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.)

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03
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Image of Figure 3.4
Figure 3.4

Superficial trichophytosis in an animal caretaker caused by Trichophyton mentagrophytes following contact with infected rabbits. (Courtesy of Dr H Mayer, Heidelberg, Germany.)

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03
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Image of Figure 3.5
Figure 3.5

Trichophytosis (scutula-like patch) in a child caused by Trichophyton quinckeanum following contact with infected guinea pigs. (Archive of the Institute of Parasitology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.)

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 3.1

Zoophilic Zoonotic Species of Dermatophytes

Citation: Bauerfeind R, Graevenitz A, Kimmig P, Schiefer H, Schwarz T, Slenczka W, Zahner H. 2016. Fungal Zoonoses, p 293-302. In Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible From Animals and Humans, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819262_Ch03

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