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Chapter 15 : Millicent C. Goldschmidt: Scarred Pioneer and Protector of the Biosphere

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Abstract:

Despite the disapproval of her family and the criticisms of male faculty, Millicent “Mimi” Goldschmidt earned a Ph.D. in microbiology in 1953 and went on to have a profound impact on the U.S. Space Program, including the development of microbiology techniques that would be used on the moon. The Apollo Program helped Mimi recognize a severe lack of rapid diagnostic tests in microbiology, to which she would dedicate her research career. Along the way, Mimi became a pioneering advocate for women in microbiology and inspired generations of students to careers in microbiology.

Citation: Barton H. 2018. Millicent C. Goldschmidt: Scarred Pioneer and Protector of the Biosphere, p 125-136. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch15
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Figures

Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

Mimi Goldschmidt at Purdue University in 1948, holding a flask of while working on her Master’s degree. Photo courtesy of Millicent Goldschmidt.

Citation: Barton H. 2018. Millicent C. Goldschmidt: Scarred Pioneer and Protector of the Biosphere, p 125-136. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch15
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

A technician carries out mice challenge experiments by inoculating mice with lunar material from the Apollo 11 mission in the Lunar Receiving Laboratory (dated August 1969; photo courtesy of NASA image archive).

Citation: Barton H. 2018. Millicent C. Goldschmidt: Scarred Pioneer and Protector of the Biosphere, p 125-136. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch15
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Image of FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3

Neil Armstrong (right; holding the bag) and Buzz Aldrin (left; using the scoop) practice aseptic techniques in their A7L spacesuits. Such methods were developed to allow the collection of lunar material without contamination from terrestrial microorganisms (dated April 22, 1969; photo courtesy of NASA image archive).

Citation: Barton H. 2018. Millicent C. Goldschmidt: Scarred Pioneer and Protector of the Biosphere, p 125-136. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch15
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Image of Figure 4
Figure 4

The three Apollo 11 astronauts (Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Buzz Aldrin) wait in the life raft for pick-up after splashdown wearing their quarantine suits. The astronauts would continue to wear these suits to the quarantine facilities at the Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL). Lieutenant Clancy Hatleberg closes the hatch on the command module, before it was also moved to the LRL for quarantine and chemical disinfection (dated July 24, 1969; photo courtesy of NASA image archive).

Citation: Barton H. 2018. Millicent C. Goldschmidt: Scarred Pioneer and Protector of the Biosphere, p 125-136. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch15
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References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555819545.chap15
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