1887

Chapter 9 : Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in
Zoomout

Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555819545/9781555819538_Chap09-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555819545/9781555819538_Chap09-2.gif

Abstract:

It can be stated that Alice C. Evans was the first professionally successful female microbiologist and that all succeeding female microbiologists “stand on her shoulders.” She was the first woman to hold a permanent appointment as a bacteriologist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, she was the first woman to hold a senior appointment in the U.S. federal government, and she was the first female president of what is now known as the American Society for Microbiology. Her research and efforts resulted in the change of federal laws involving the pasteurization of milk. She is known as the Mother of Pasteurization in the United States. She accomplished all of this in the early decades of the 1900s, a time when science was intensely male dominated. However, Evans was not a laboratory recluse. She rode in an airplane just one year after Lindbergh crossed the Atlantic, and she was known to dress fashionably. At 89 years of age, Evans was elected to the prestigious National Academy of Science, and she was later placed in the National Women’s Hall of Fame. Evans was especially honored when she was depicted as one of the four “Mount Rushmore” faces of microbiology on the cover of the magazine of August 1995. She was renowned! She was worldly! She was trendy! Come meet Alice Evans!

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

Figures

Image of FIGURE 1
FIGURE 1

(Left) Alice C. Evans, 1881–1975. Courtesy of Center for the History of Microbiology (CHOMA)/ASM Archives at University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). (Right) Women’s basketball team, the Susquehanna Collegiate Institute, 1896. Alice is on the left. Courtesy National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Evans with her “sisters” at Cornell University. Alice is in the forefront, on the left. Courtesy NLM.

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of FIGURE 3
FIGURE 3

Evans (left) with Rebecca Lancefield at the 1964 ASM meeting. The first two women presidents of ASM both studied the various species of . Courtesy of CHOMA/ASM Archives at UMBC.

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of FIGURE 4
FIGURE 4

Meeting of the Society of American Bacteriologists (now ASM) at the Jefferson Hotel, Richmond, VA, December 1928. Evans as president is seated center. Courtesy of CHOMA/ASM Archives at UMBC.

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of FIGURE 5
FIGURE 5

Paul de Kruif’s article on Evans in the 1929 . Courtesy of CHOMA/ASM Archives at UMBC.

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint
Image of Figure 6
Figure 6

(Left) A later photo of Evans. Courtesy of CHOMA/ASM Archives at UMBC. (Right) Cover of the magazine, August 1995, designed by artist Mark Duffin. Reprinted with special permission from the publisher.

Citation: Findlay L. 2018. Alice Catherine Evans: The Shoulders Upon Which So Many Stand, p 75-85. In Whitaker R, Barton H (ed), Women in Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819545.ch9
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555819545.chap9
1. Evans AC . 1963/1969. Memoirs. ASM Corporate Archives and Collections at Library at University of Maryland, Baltimore County. UMBC, Baltimore, MD.
2. Rogers LA,, Clark WM,, Evans AC . 1916. Colon bacteria and Streptococci and their significance in milk. Am J Public Health (N Y) 6 : 374 380.
3. Bruce D . 1889. Observations on Malta fever. Br Med J 1( 1481) : 1101 1105.
4. Evans AC . 1918. Further studies on Bacterium abortus and related bacteria I: the pathogenicity of Bacterium lipolyticus for guinea-pigs. J Infect Dis 22 : 576 579.
5. Evans AC . 1918. Further studies on Bacterium abortus and related bacteria II: a comparison of Bacterium abortus with Bacterium bronchisepticus and with the organism which causes Malta fever. J Infect Dis 22 : 580 593.
6. Evans AC . 1918. Further studies on Bacterium abortus and related bacteria III: Bacterium abortus and related bacteria in cow’s milk. J Infect Dis 23 : 354 372.
7. de Kruif P . 1926. The Microbe Hunters. Harcourt, Brace and Co, New York, NY.
8. de Kruif P . 1929. Before you drink a glass of milk. Ladies Home J 9 : 8 9.
9. Hardy AV,, Jordan CF,, Borts IH,, Campbell-Hardy GE . 1931. Undulant fever with special reference to a study of Brucella infection in Iowa. Natl Inst Health Bull 45 : 158.
10. Evans AC . 1961. Chronic brucellosis: the unreliability of diagnostic tests. J Am Med Womens Assoc 16 : 942 945.
11. Burns VL . 1993. Gentle Hunter. Enterprise Press, Englewood, NJ.
12. de Kruif P . 1932. Men Against Death. Harcourt, Brace and Co, New York, NY.
13. O’Hern EM . 1985. Profıles of Pioneer Women Scientists. Acropolis Books, Washington, DC.

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error