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Chapter 11 : On the Definition of Prokaryotes

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On the Definition of Prokaryotes, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

As will be argued below, the present definition of a prokaryote is highly unsatisfactory. To give an example: a prokaryote is “” (Brock, , 10 ed.). This seems a summary of the original definition of Stanier & van Niel (1962), which I quote for the sake of completeness: “.” Today’s perception of these points amounts largely, as indicated above, to the absence of a nuclear envelope in prokaryotes. It should be mentioned that Stanier & van Niel in the above paper also wished to differentiate a bacterium from a virus and to incorporate blue-green algae within the prokaryotic domain.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Dispersed strands of genomic DNA with polysomes attached of the hyper-thermophilic archaeon visualized by the Miller technique (1970). Bar: 200 nm.

Source: . 2007. Transcription and translation are coupled in Archaea. :893-895.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Structural organization of the flow of information in pro- and eukaryotes.

Credit: Nanne Nanninge.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Nanne Nanninga is Emeritus Professor of Molecular Cytology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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References

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1. Madigan MT, Martinko JM, Parker J Brock Biology of Microorganisms. 2003 10th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA. Pearson Education, Inc.,
2. Byrne R, Levin JG, Bladen HA, Nirenberg MW The in vitro formation of a DNA-ribosome complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1964 52 140 148
3. David A, Dolan BP, Hickman HD, Knowlton JJ, Clavarino G, Pierre P, Bennink JR, Yewdell JW Nuclear translation visualized by ribosome-bound nascent chain puromycylation. J Cell Biol 2012 197 45 57
4. French SL, Santangelo TJ, Beyer AL, Reeve JN Transcription and translation are coupled in Archaea. Mol Biol Evol 2007 24 893 895
5. Lane N Energetics and genetics across the prokaryote-eukaryote divide. Biol Direct 2011 6 35
6. Martin W, Koonin EV A positive definition of prokaryotes. Nature 2006 442 868
7. Miller OL Jr, Hamkalo BA, Thomas CA Jr Visualization of bacterial genes in action. Science 1970 169 392 395
8. Santarella-Mellwig R, Pruggnaller S, Roos N, Mattaj IW, Devos DP Three-dimensional reconstruction of bacteria with a complex endomembrane system. PLoS Biol 2013 11 e1001565
9. Stanier RY, Van Niel CB The concept of a bacterium. Arch Mikrobiol 1962 42 17 35
10. Stent GS Genetic transcription. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 1966 164 181 197

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