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Chapter 11 : On the Definition of Prokaryotes

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On the Definition of Prokaryotes, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

As will be argued below, the present definition of a prokaryote is highly unsatisfactory. To give an example: a prokaryote is “” (Brock, , 10 ed.). This seems a summary of the original definition of Stanier & van Niel (1962), which I quote for the sake of completeness: “.” Today’s perception of these points amounts largely, as indicated above, to the absence of a nuclear envelope in prokaryotes. It should be mentioned that Stanier & van Niel in the above paper also wished to differentiate a bacterium from a virus and to incorporate blue-green algae within the prokaryotic domain.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Dispersed strands of genomic DNA with polysomes attached of the hyper-thermophilic archaeon visualized by the Miller technique (1970). Bar: 200 nm.

Source: . 2007. Transcription and translation are coupled in Archaea. :893-895.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Structural organization of the flow of information in pro- and eukaryotes.

Credit: Nanne Nanninge.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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Nanne Nanninga is Emeritus Professor of Molecular Cytology, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Citation: Nanninga N. 2016. On the Definition of Prokaryotes, p 37-41. In Schaechter M, In the Company of Microbes: 10 Years of Small Things Considered. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819606.ch11
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References

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1. Madigan MT, Martinko JM, Parker JBrock Biology of Microorganisms.200310th edition.Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.Pearson Education, Inc.,
2. Byrne R, Levin JG, Bladen HA, Nirenberg MWThe in vitro formation of a DNA-ribosome complex.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA196452140148
3. David A, Dolan BP, Hickman HD, Knowlton JJ, Clavarino G, Pierre P, Bennink JR, Yewdell JWNuclear translation visualized by ribosome-bound nascent chain puromycylation.J Cell Biol20121974557
4. French SL, Santangelo TJ, Beyer AL, Reeve JNTranscription and translation are coupled in Archaea.Mol Biol Evol200724893895
5. Lane NEnergetics and genetics across the prokaryote-eukaryote divide.Biol Direct2011635
6. Martin W, Koonin EVA positive definition of prokaryotes.Nature2006442868
7. Miller OLJr, Hamkalo BA, Thomas CAJrVisualization of bacterial genes in action.Science1970169392395
8. Santarella-Mellwig R, Pruggnaller S, Roos N, Mattaj IW, Devos DPThree-dimensional reconstruction of bacteria with a complex endomembrane system.PLoS Biol201311e1001565
9. Stanier RY, Van Niel CBThe concept of a bacterium.Arch Mikrobiol1962421735
10. Stent GSGenetic transcription.Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci1966164181197

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