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Chapter 14 : Preharvest Food Safety Under the Influence of a Changing Climate

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Preharvest Food Safety Under the Influence of a Changing Climate, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

Providing food for the 9.5 billion people of the world by 2050 is one of the world’s greatest challenges. The change in population from 2010 to 2015 was +1.18%, with the continuing persistence of nearly 800 million chronically undernourished people ( ). To meet these challenges, scientists are addressing various aspects of agriculture, including how environmental factors affect this task. Perhaps no two words have brought about more angst, frustration, and passion than “climate change,” including being a focus of political satire. It is difficult to show persuasive change over billions of years given that our technological advances have occurred most recently over the past half-century or so; however, we see change even in this relatively short period. Like many areas of science, facts associated with climate change may be formatted to persuade the intended audience. The scientific basis of climate change is complex historical data involving analysis of a myriad of sciences including physics, chemistry, and biology. Undoubtedly, there is great interest in climate change, with an increase in publications in the area of climate change relative to the life sciences and disease by 42% and 21%, respectively, from 2012 to 2013; in 2013 alone, 21 papers were cited related to climate change and food safety (MEDLINE trend performed 16 October 2016). The controversial nature of climate change may be due in part to the fact that people experience climate change so differently across the globe ( Fig. 1 ).

Citation: Kniel K, Spanninger P. 2018. Preharvest Food Safety Under the Influence of a Changing Climate, p 261-271. In Thakur S, Kniel K (ed), Preharvest Food Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PFS-0015-2016
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Figures

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Figure 1

Global seasonal rainfall anomalies (August to October 2014). Shifts in climate change affect the globe differently. Reused from reference , with permission.

Citation: Kniel K, Spanninger P. 2018. Preharvest Food Safety Under the Influence of a Changing Climate, p 261-271. In Thakur S, Kniel K (ed), Preharvest Food Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PFS-0015-2016
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Comparative long-term progress in laboratory-confirmed infections of foodborne pathogenic bacteria, as determined by CDC Foodnet (http://www.cdc.gov/foodnet/pdfs/foodnet-mmwr-progress-508-final.pdf).

Citation: Kniel K, Spanninger P. 2018. Preharvest Food Safety Under the Influence of a Changing Climate, p 261-271. In Thakur S, Kniel K (ed), Preharvest Food Safety. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.PFS-0015-2016
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