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Chapter 1 : History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine

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History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

The introduction of antimicrobial drugs into agriculture and veterinary medicine shortly after the Second World War caused a revolution in the treatment of many diseases of animals. In the “wonder drug era” of the late 1940s and early 1950s, the effective treatment of many infections that were previously considered incurable astonished veterinarians, such that some even feared for their livelihoods. Not all use of antimicrobial drugs in food animals is yet under veterinary prescription globally, despite repeated recommendations by the World Health Organization and other responsible organizations, so that the term “veterinary medicine” is used here rather generically to suggest use in animals rather than just use by veterinarians.

Citation: Prescott J. 2018. History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine, p 1-16. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0002-2017
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Figures

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Figure 1

Routes of exchange of between animals and humans. Note the areas where antimicrobial drug selection for resistance is most likely. The size of the circles or boxes does not indicate the extent of the scale of the movement. After Linton ( ), modified by R. Irwin; reproduced with permission.

Citation: Prescott J. 2018. History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine, p 1-16. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0002-2017
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References

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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Historical time line of important events and trends in the use of antimicrobial drugs in animals, with emphasis on food animals

Citation: Prescott J. 2018. History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine, p 1-16. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0002-2017
Generic image for table
Table 2

Suggested categorization of antimicrobial drugs for veterinary use ( )

Citation: Prescott J. 2018. History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine, p 1-16. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0002-2017
Generic image for table
Table 3

Historical time line of major reports and their conclusions or recommendations relating to the public health aspects of antimicrobial drug use in food animals

Citation: Prescott J. 2018. History and Current Use of Antimicrobial Drugs in Veterinary Medicine, p 1-16. In Schwarz S, Cavaco L, Shen J (ed), Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria from Livestock and Companion Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.ARBA-0002-2017

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