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Chapter 4 : Bactec Blood Culture Systems

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Bactec Blood Culture Systems, Page 1 of 2

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Abstract:

In the mid-1950s Dr. William Johnston and colleagues from Purdue University founded a company that specialized in developing instruments to detect very low levels of carbon-14, which were marketed for use in air quality testing. In the late 1950s, the company was sold to an investor who took it in the direction of seeking government contracts to study beta radiation and develop sensitive detection devices. The desire to transition the business to development of commercial products for the private sector led to a collaboration with scientists at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the development of the Bactec 110 ( Fig. 1A ), the company’s prototype bacterial detection system. The instrument accommodated 10 sample bottles on a rotatory device and utilized a dual-needle adaptor to penetrate the rubber septum and sample headspace gas from bottles. The technology was based on Johnston’s tritium air monitor, detecting carbon-14-labeled CO produced by bacteria from radiolabeled substrates in the medium ( ).

Citation: Chamberland R. 2017. Bactec Blood Culture Systems, p 59-83. In Dunne, Jr. W, Burnham C (ed), The Dark Art of Blood Cultures. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819811.ch4
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Figures

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FIGURE 1

Year of introduction of Bactec blood culture instruments: 110 , 225 , 301 , 460 , NR-660 , NR-860 , 9240 , and FX .

Citation: Chamberland R. 2017. Bactec Blood Culture Systems, p 59-83. In Dunne, Jr. W, Burnham C (ed), The Dark Art of Blood Cultures. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819811.ch4
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Image of FIGURE 2
FIGURE 2

Examples of reports available using EpiCenter. Blood Volume Distribution Histogram returns number of bottles ( axis) for each blood volume estimate ( axis), shown for two hospital services. Blood Volume Box Plot displays median (square), minimum, maximum, 25th, and 75th percentile blood collection volume ( axis) by hospital service ( axis). Volume Summary contains mean volume by group or individual, along with standard deviation, confidence interval, and number of events during the chosen timeframe.

Citation: Chamberland R. 2017. Bactec Blood Culture Systems, p 59-83. In Dunne, Jr. W, Burnham C (ed), The Dark Art of Blood Cultures. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819811.ch4
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References

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Tables

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Table 1

Comprehensive list of media types developed for BACTEC blood culture systems

Citation: Chamberland R. 2017. Bactec Blood Culture Systems, p 59-83. In Dunne, Jr. W, Burnham C (ed), The Dark Art of Blood Cultures. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555819811.ch4

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