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Chapter 39 : Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview

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Abstract:

The term nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) generally refers to mycobacteria other than the complex and ( ). NTM are ubiquitous in the environment, including household water, natural water sources, and soil ( ). Human disease due to NTM is classified into four distinct clinical syndromes: chronic pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, cutaneous disease, and disseminated disease. Of these, chronic pulmonary disease is the syndrome most commonly encountered clinically ( ).

Citation: Koh W. 2017. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview, p 655-661. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0024-2016
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Figures

Image of Figure 1
Figure 1

Fibrocavitary form of lung disease in a 62-year-old male patient. The patient underwent antituberculosis treatment and a right upper lobectomy at 30 years of age. Chest computed tomography shows a large cavity in the right upper lung field. Note the emphysema in both lungs.

Citation: Koh W. 2017. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview, p 655-661. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0024-2016
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Image of Figure 2
Figure 2

Nodular bronchiectatic form of lung disease in a 63-year-old female patient. Chest computed tomography shows severe bronchiectasis in the right middle lobe and in the lingular segment of the left upper lobe. Note the multiple small nodules and tree-in-bud appearance suggesting bronchiolitis in both lungs.

Citation: Koh W. 2017. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview, p 655-661. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0024-2016
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint

References

/content/book/10.1128/9781555819866.chap39

Tables

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Table 1

Classification of NTM commonly causing human disease

Citation: Koh W. 2017. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview, p 655-661. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0024-2016
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Table 2

Pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease caused by NTM

Citation: Koh W. 2017. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview, p 655-661. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0024-2016
Generic image for table
Table 3

Diagnostic criteria of NTM lung disease

Citation: Koh W. 2017. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria—Overview, p 655-661. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0024-2016

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