Chapter 43 :

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The first report of a mycobacterium isolated in fish, supposed to be , has been attributed to Bataillon et al. (1897), who isolated acid-fast bacilli named from a tuberculous lesion in a common carp () ( ). was then originally isolated and identified from marine fish at the Philadelphia Aquarium ( ). was initially thought to infect marine fishes only and was named accordingly, but it is now known to be a ubiquitous species. The above-mentioned original freshwater isolate of could be a variant. In the early literature, several other marine species were described, such as , , and . Comparative sugar fermentative reactions together with published morphological, cultural, and pathogenic data suggested that they were all synonymous with ( ) even if has not been recognized as a species since its type culture is no longer available.

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016
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Figure 1

Typical photochromogenic colonies of grown on Lowenstein-Jensen solid medium.

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016
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Figure 2

Sporotrichoid form of skin lesions typical of infection. (Courtesy of Hervé Darie, Noisy le Grand, France.)

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016
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Figure 3

Active-disease histopathologic section of tissue from a patient with a infection. The lesion shows granulomatous infiltrate with epithelioid and giant cells. (Courtesy of Bernard Cribier, Strasbourg, France.)

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016
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Figure 4

Microbiological diagnosis of human infection due to .

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016
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Table 1

Published studies of infections that include more than 10 patients

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016
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Table 2

MICs of 17 antibiotics against 54 strains of determined by the agar dilution method

Citation: Aubry A, Mougari F, Reibel F, Cambau E. 2017. , p 735-752. In Schlossberg D (ed), Tuberculosis and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections, Seventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.TNMI7-0038-2016

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