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Section 4 : Bacterial Diagnosis

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Abstract:

This section provides guidelines for the selection and processing of specimens for the detection of specific bacteria. Testing can be subdivided into microscopy, culture, antigen tests (including immunoassays and molecular diagnostic tests), and antibody tests. Although it is impossible to provide guidelines for all possible infections, the most common bacteria associated with human disease are included. This section has been expanded to include summary tables of identification tests as well as a more detailed discussion of the immunological detection of organisms where appropriate.

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Tables

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Table 4.1

Detection methods from clinical specimens for clinically relevant bacteria

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.2

Recommendations for Gram stain and plating media

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.3

Screening specimens for routine bacterial culture

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.4

Processing specimens for mycobacterial identification

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.5

Differential characteristics of catalase-positive Gram-positive cocci

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.6

Differential characteristics of most common clinically significant species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.7

Differential characteristics of catalase-negative Gram-positive cocci

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.8

Differential characteristics of beta-hemolytic streptococci

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.9

Differential characteristics of viridans streptococci

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.10

Differential characteristics of common species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.11

Differential characteristics of Gram-positive rods

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.12

Differential characteristics of common species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.13

Differential characteristics of selected coryneform bacteria

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.14

Differential characteristics of selected species and related spore-forming genera

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.15

Differential characteristics of selected actinomycetesa,

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.16

Differential characteristics of selected species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.17

Differential characteristics of select, slow-growing species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.18

Differential characteristics of clinically relevant, rapidly growing, species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.19

Differential characteristics of medically relevant species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.20

Differential characteristics of selected members of the and of the

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.21

Differential characteristics of selected and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.22

Differential characteristics of selected and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.23

Differential characteristics of species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.24

Differential characteristics of selected members of the

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.25

Differential characteristics of species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.26

Differential characteristics of select and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.27

Differential characteristics of and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.28

Differential characteristics of and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.29

Differential characteristics of species after incubation at 25°C for 48 h

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.30

Differential characteristics of species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.31

Differential characteristics of species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.32

Differential characteristics of species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.33

Differential characteristics of and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.34

Differential characteristics of selected species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.35

Differential characteristics of selected oxidase-negative, oxidative, Gram-negative rods

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.36

Differential characteristics of selected oxidase-positive, nonfermentative, Gram-negative rods

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.37

Differential characteristics of selected oxidase-positive, nonoxidative, Gram-negative rods

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.38

Differential characteristics of selected and species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.39

Differential characteristics of select non-spore-forming, anaerobic, Gram-positive rods

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.40

Differential characteristics of selected species

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.41

Differential characteristics of anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4
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Table 4.42

Differential characteristics of the group

Citation: Doern C. 2018. Bacterial Diagnosis, p 19-80. In Pocket Guide to Clinical Microbiology, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781683670070.ch4

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