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EcoSal Plus

Domain 3:

Metabolism

ATP Synthesis by Oxidative Phosphorylation

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  • Author: Steven B. Vik1
  • Editor: Valley Stewart2
  • VIEW AFFILIATIONS HIDE AFFILIATIONS
    Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275-0376; 2: University of California, Davis, Davis, CA
  • Received 30 May 2007 Accepted 06 August 2007 Published 19 October 2007
  • Address correspondence to Steven B. Vik [email protected]
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  • Abstract:

    The FF-ATP synthase (EC 3.6.1.34) is a remarkable enzyme that functions as a rotary motor. It is found in the inner membranes of and is responsible for the synthesis of ATP in response to an electrochemical proton gradient. Under some conditions, the enzyme functions reversibly and uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to generate the gradient. The ATP synthase is composed of eight different polypeptide subunits in a stoichiometry of αβγδε . Traditionally they were divided into two physically separable units: an F that catalyzes ATP hydrolysis (αβγδε) and a membrane-bound F sector that transports protons ( ). In terms of rotary function, the subunits can be divided into rotor subunits (γε ) and stator subunits (αβδ ). The stator subunits include six nucleotide binding sites, three catalytic and three noncatalytic, formed primarily by the β and α subunits, respectively. The stator also includes a peripheral stalk composed of δ and subunits, and part of the proton channel in subunit . Among the rotor subunits, the subunits form a ring in the membrane, and interact with subunit to form the proton channel. Subunits γ and ε bind to the -ring subunits, and also communicate with the catalytic sites through interactions with α and β subunits. The eight subunits are expressed from a single operon, and posttranscriptional processing and translational regulation ensure that the polypeptides are made at the proper stoichiometry. Recent studies, including those of other species, have elucidated many structural and rotary properties of this enzyme.

  • Citation: Vik S. 2007. ATP Synthesis by Oxidative Phosphorylation, EcoSal Plus 2007; doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.3.2.3

Key Concept Ranking

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
0.45218
Transcription Start Site
0.3760468
Bacterial Secretion Systems
0.37227654
Ribosome Binding Site
0.33056253
Integral Membrane Proteins
0.3298436
0.45218

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