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EcoSal Plus

Domain 1:

Historical Perspectives

Escherich and

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  • Author: Herbert C. Friedmann1
  • Editor: James Kaper2
  • VIEW AFFILIATIONS HIDE AFFILIATIONS
    Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago IL 60637; 2: University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
  • Received 06 November 2013 Accepted 21 January 2014 Published 09 May 2014
  • Address correspondence to James Kaper, Jkaper@medicine.umaryland.edu
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  • Abstract:

    The purpose of this essay is threefold: to give an outline of the life and the various achievements of Theodor Escherich, to provide a background to his discovery of what he called (now ), and to indicate the enormous impact of studies with this organism, long before it became the cornerstone of research in bacteriology and in molecular biology.

  • Citation: Friedmann H. 2014. Escherich and , EcoSal Plus 2014; doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.ESP-0025-2013

Key Concept Ranking

Bacterial Genetics
0.66241586
Bacterial Classification
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Bacterial Diseases
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Escherichia coli
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Bacillus anthracis
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0.66241586

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2014-05-09
2017-11-22

Abstract:

The purpose of this essay is threefold: to give an outline of the life and the various achievements of Theodor Escherich, to provide a background to his discovery of what he called (now ), and to indicate the enormous impact of studies with this organism, long before it became the cornerstone of research in bacteriology and in molecular biology.

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This was not unusual at that time” (Béla Schick [ 4 , p. 114] in a moving evocation of his teacher). Copyright 2006, Elsevier, Inc. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065216406600051 doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.ESP-0025-2013.f1

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Title and second page of Theodor Escherich’s classic book, 1886, “The Infant’s Intestinal Bacteria and their Relationships to the Physiology of Digestion,” to “His dear father, Senior Medical Officer (Medizinalrath) Dr. Escherich, dedicated with a child’s love and gratitude.” Copyright 2006, Elsevier, Inc. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065216406600051 doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.ESP-0025-2013.f2

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Title page, volume two, of the four-volume comprehensive “Handbook of Pathogenic Microorganisms,” 1903, edited by W. Kolle and A. Wassermann. Copyright 2006, Elsevier, Inc. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065216406600051 doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.ESP-0025-2013.f3

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Escherich’s introduction mentions Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, and Koch. Copyright 2006, Elsevier, Inc. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065216406600051 doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.ESP-0025-2013.f4

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from a 6-day-old potato culture; predominantly short, constricted (eingeschnürte) shapes. from an 8-day-old gelatin plate colony (Gelatineplattencolonie); readily apparent rod-type. ; one bacillus at the stage of spore formation. from an 8-day-old gelatin test tube. All photographs, 970-fold magnified, were taken by Charles Workman, M.D. from Belfast, a visitor in the Bacteriological Laboratory of the Munich Pathological Institute, using isochromatic plates, and copied photographically (durch Lichtdruck vervielfältigt). Copyright 2006, Elsevier, Inc. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065216406600051 doi:10.1128/ecosalplus.ESP-0025-2013.f5

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