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A Proposal for Considering Research Integrity from the Perspective of Behavioral Economics

    Authors: Melissa S. Anderson1,*, Jamal A. Adam1
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    Affiliations: 1: Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy and Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455
    AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION
    • Published 15 December 2014
    • aFor a light-hearted example of the behavioral potential of passwords, see Estrella ( 5 ).
      bWe recognize the irony of advocating for an application of behavioral economics to research integrity, given the “audacious academic fraud” ( 4 ) of Diederik Stapel, a Dutch social psychologist who was the director of the Tilburg Institute for Behavioral Economics Research at the University of Tilburg.
    • *Corresponding author. Mailing address: Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy and Development, University of Minnesota, 330 Wulling Hall, 86 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Phone: 612-624-5717. Fax: 612-624-3377. E-mail: mand@umn.edu.
    • ©2014 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology.
    Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2014 vol. 15 no. 2 173-176. doi:10.1128/jmbe.v15i2.868
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    Abstract:

    This paper proposes that theory and findings from behavioral economics may shed light on research integrity and misconduct. It suggests ways in which strategies based on behavioral theory and research might be used by principal investigators to support research integrity among their research teams.

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References & Citations

1. Ariely Dan 2008 Predictably irrational: the hidden forces that shape our decisions HarperCollins New York, NY 239
2. Ariely Dan 2013 The (honest) trust about dishonesty: how we lie to everyone—especially ourselves HarperCollins New York, NY
3. Berg N, Gigerenzer G 2010 As-if behavioral economics: neoclassical economics in disguise? Hist. Econ. Ideas 18 1 133 166
4. Bhattacharjee Y 26 April 2013 The mind of a con man New York Times Magazine
5. Estrella M 2014 How a password changed my life Huffington Post. [Online.] http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mauricio-estrella/how-a-password-changed-my-life_b_5567161.html
6. Feldman Y, Gauthier R, Schuler T 2013 Curbing misconduct in the pharmaceutical industry: insights from behavioral ethics and the behavioral approach to law J. Law Med. Ethics 4 3 620 628
7. Gawande A 2010 The checklist manifesto: how to get things right Metropolitan Books New York, NY
8. Gino F, Ayal S, Ariely D 2009 Contagion and differentiation in unethical behavior: the effect of one bad apple on the barrel Psychol. Sci. 20 3 393 398 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02306.x 19254236 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02306.x
9. Grinnell F 2009 Everyday practice of science: where intuition and passion meet objectivity and logic Oxford University Press New York, NY 10
10. Grinnell F 2013 Research integrity and everyday practice of science Sci Eng Ethics 19 685 701 10.1007/s11948-012-9376-5 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11948-012-9376-5
11. Keating E 2013 The nudgy state: how five governments are using behavioral economics to encourage citizens to do the right thing Foreign Policy. [Online.] http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/01/02/the_nudgy_state
12. Martinson BC, Anderson MS, DeVries R 2005 Scientists behaving badly Nature 435 737 738 10.1038/435737a 15944677 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/435737a
13. Mazar N, Amir O, Ariely D 2008 The dishonesty of honest people: a theory of self-concept maintenance J. Marketing Res. 45 6 633 644 10.1509/jmkr.45.6.633 http://dx.doi.org/10.1509/jmkr.45.6.633
14. Mullainathan S, Thaler RH 2000 Behavioral economics Working paper 7948 National Bureau of Economic Research Cambridge, MA [Online.] http://www.nber.org/papers/w7948
15. Nature Cell Biology 2011 Editorial: combating scientific misconduct Nat. Cell Biol. 13 1 1 10.1038/ncb0111-1 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncb0111-1
16. Neal AV, Northrop J, Dailey R, Marks E, Abrams J 2007 Correction and use of biomedical literature affect by scientific misconduct Sci. Eng. Ethics 13 1 5 24
17. Thaler RH, Sunstein CR 2009 Nudge: improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness Penguin Books London, UK
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/content/journal/jmbe/10.1128/jmbe.v15i2.868
2014-12-15
2017-09-23

Abstract:

This paper proposes that theory and findings from behavioral economics may shed light on research integrity and misconduct. It suggests ways in which strategies based on behavioral theory and research might be used by principal investigators to support research integrity among their research teams.

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