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A Simulation of Communicable Disease and Herd Immunity for the Microbiology Classroom or Laboratory

    Author: Jeff Wiles1
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    Affiliations: 1: Department of Natural Sciences, Middle Georgia State University, Macon, GA 31206
    AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION
    • Corresponding author. Mailing address: Biology Department, Middle Georgia State University, 100 University Parkway Macon, GA 31206. Phone: 478-471-2830. E-mail: jeffrey.wiles@mga.edu.
    • ©2015 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology.
    Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2015 vol. 16 no. 2 278-279. doi:10.1128/jmbe.v16i2.919
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    Abstract:

    Modern medicine has reduced the incidence of communicable disease, but humanity continues to suffer from a wide variety of ailments caused by infectious microorganisms. Modelling this transmission allows for a greater awareness of the various mechanisms through which disease can spread. This procedure allows students to participate in a completely safe, real-time exercise that demonstrates the ease at which a susceptible population can become infected. In addition, this exercise allows for a demonstration of the efficacy of herd immunity. An easily-prepared set of cards takes the place of actual microorganisms.

References & Citations

1. Bay Mills Community College[Online.] https://www.bmcc.edu/Headstart/Trngds/Diseases/pg7-26.htmAccessed 24 September 2015
2. Cherry JD2012Epidemic pertussis in 2012 — the resurgence of a vaccine-preventable diseaseNew Engl J Med36778578710.1056/NEJMp1209051 http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1209051
3. Gastañaduy PA, et al2014Measles — United States, January 1–May 23, 2014MMWR Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep6322496499
4. Leboffe MJ, Pierce BE2010Microbiology: laboratory theory and applicationThird Edition1213Morton Publishing CompanyEnglewood, CO.
5. Neulight N, Kafai YB, Kao L, Foley B, Galas C2006J Sci Educ Technol161475810.1007/s10956-006-9029-z http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10956-006-9029-z
6. NIMBioS2011Science Friday Blogs[Online.] http://www.sciencefriday.com/blogs/09/07/2011/epidemic-the-handshake-game.htmlAccessed 24 September 2015
7. Northern Arizona Universityn.d. Modelling the transmission of a communicable disease[Online.] http://www2.nau.edu/lrm22/lessons/disease/disease_lab.htmlAccessed 24 September 2015
8. Seybert AL, Barton CM2007Simulation-based learning to teach blood pressure assessment to doctor of pharmacy studentsAm J Pharmaceut Educ7134810.5688/aj710348 http://dx.doi.org/10.5688/aj710348
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/content/journal/jmbe/10.1128/jmbe.v16i2.919
2015-12-01
2017-09-21

Abstract:

Modern medicine has reduced the incidence of communicable disease, but humanity continues to suffer from a wide variety of ailments caused by infectious microorganisms. Modelling this transmission allows for a greater awareness of the various mechanisms through which disease can spread. This procedure allows students to participate in a completely safe, real-time exercise that demonstrates the ease at which a susceptible population can become infected. In addition, this exercise allows for a demonstration of the efficacy of herd immunity. An easily-prepared set of cards takes the place of actual microorganisms.

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Figures

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FIGURE 1

Layout and text of the infection cards.

Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2015 vol. 16 no. 2 278-279. doi:10.1128/jmbe.v16i2.919
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Image of FIGURE 2

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FIGURE 2

Layout and text of the vaccination cards.

Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2015 vol. 16 no. 2 278-279. doi:10.1128/jmbe.v16i2.919
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