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Citizen Science Initiatives: Engaging the Public and Demystifying Science

    Authors: Kim Van Vliet1,*, Claybourne Moore1
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    Affiliations: 1: St. Johns River State College, Palatka, FL 32177
    AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION
    • Published 01 March 2016
    • ©2016 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology.
    • [open-access] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode), which grants the public the nonexclusive right to copy, distribute, or display the published work.

    • *Corresponding author. Mailing address: St. Johns River State College, 5001 St. Johns Avenue, Palatka, Florida 32177. Phone: 352-281-4240. E-mail: kimvanvliet2@gmail.com.
    Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. March 2016 vol. 17 no. 1 13-16. doi:10.1128/jmbe.v17i1.1019
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    Abstract:

    The Internet and smart phone technologies have opened up new avenues for collaboration among scientists around the world. These technologies have also expanded citizen science opportunities and public participation in scientific research (PPSR). Here we discuss citizen science, what it is, who does it, and the variety of projects and methods used to increase scientific knowledge and scientific literacy. We describe a number of different types of citizen-science projects. These greatly increase the number of people involved, helping to speed the pace of data analysis and allowing science to advance more rapidly. As a result of the numerous advantages of citizen-science projects, these opportunities are likely to expand in the future and increase the rate of novel discoveries.

Key Concept Ranking

Natural Environment
0.7239332
Soil
0.59640163
Protein Folding
0.5097281
Water
0.47244903
Carbon Cycle
0.45273107
0.7239332

References & Citations

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2. Bonney R, et al2009Citizen science: a developing tool for expanding science knowledge and scientific literacyBioScience591197798410.1525/bio.2009.59.11.9 http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2009.59.11.9
3. Cooper S, Khatib F, Baker D2013Increasing public involvement in structural biologyStructure2191482148410.1016/j.str.2013.08.00924010706 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2013.08.009
4. Cooper S, et althe Foldit Players2010Predicting protein structures with a multiplayer online gameNature466730775676010.1038/nature09304206865742956414 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09304
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6. Havens K, Henderson S2013Citizen science takes rootAmerican Scientist100537838510.1511/2013.104.378 http://dx.doi.org/10.1511/2013.104.378
7. Khatib F, et althe Foldit Players2011Algorithm discovery by protein folding game playersProc Natl Acad Sci U S A10847189491895310.1073/pnas.1115898108220657633223433 http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1115898108
8. Khatib F, et al2011Crystal structure of a monomeric retroviral protease solved by protein folding game playersNat Struct Mol Biol18101175117710.1038/nsmb.2119219269923705907 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nsmb.2119
9. Khoury GA, et althe Foldit Players2014Proteins. WeFold: a competition for protein structure predictionProteins8291850186810.1002/prot.24538246772124249725 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/prot.24538
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11. Kwak D, et al2013Open-Phylo: a customizable crowd-computing platform for multiple sequence alignmentGenome Biol1410R11610.1186/gb-2013-14-10-r116241488144014878 http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/gb-2013-14-10-r116
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13. Shirk JL, et al2012Public participation in scientific research: a framework for deliberate designEcol Soc17229
14. Wood C, Sullivan B, Iliff M, Fink D, Kelling S2011eBird: engaging birders in science and conservationPLoS Biol912e100122010.1371/journal.pbio.1001220222058763243722 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001220
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/content/journal/jmbe/10.1128/jmbe.v17i1.1019
2016-03-01
2017-09-23

Abstract:

The Internet and smart phone technologies have opened up new avenues for collaboration among scientists around the world. These technologies have also expanded citizen science opportunities and public participation in scientific research (PPSR). Here we discuss citizen science, what it is, who does it, and the variety of projects and methods used to increase scientific knowledge and scientific literacy. We describe a number of different types of citizen-science projects. These greatly increase the number of people involved, helping to speed the pace of data analysis and allowing science to advance more rapidly. As a result of the numerous advantages of citizen-science projects, these opportunities are likely to expand in the future and increase the rate of novel discoveries.

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