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Pre-Medical Preparation in Microbiology among Applicants and Matriculants in Osteopathic Medical School in the United States

    Authors: Raddy L. Ramos1, Erik Guercio2, Luis R. Martinez1,3,*
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    Affiliations: 1: Department of Biomedical Sciences, NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine, New York Institute of Technology, Old Westbury, NY 11568; 2: American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, Bethesda, MD 20814; 3: Department of Biological Sciences, Border Biomedical Research Center, University of Texas at El Paso, TX 79968
    AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION
    • Received 19 June 2017 Accepted 13 September 2017 Published 01 December 2017
    • ©2017 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology
    • [open-access] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ and https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode), which grants the public the nonexclusive right to copy, distribute, or display the published work.

    • *Corresponding author. Mailing address: Luis R. Martinez, The University of Texas at El Paso, Department of Biological Sciences, 500 W. University Ave., Bioscience Research Building, Room 2.170, El Paso, TX 79968-9991. Phone: 915-747-6537. Fax: 915-747-5808. E-mail: lmartinez43@utep.edu.
    Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2017 vol. 18 no. 3 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v18i3.1372
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    Abstract:

    It is recognized that medical school curricula contain significant microbiology-related content as part of the training of future physicians who will be responsible stewards of antimicrobials. Surprisingly, osteopathic and allopathic medical schools do not require pre-medical microbiology coursework, and the extent to which medical students have completed microbiology coursework remains poorly understood. In this report, we show that fewer than 3% of applicants and matriculants to osteopathic medical school (OMS) have completed an undergraduate major or minor in microbiology, and fewer than 17% of applicants and matriculants to OMS have completed one or more microbiology-related courses. These data demonstrate limited pre-medical microbiology-related knowledge among osteopathic medical students, which may be associated with an increase in perceived stress when learning this content or during clinical rotations as well as a potential lack of interest in pursuing a career in infectious diseases.

Key Concept Ranking

Antimicrobial Resistance
0.5138889
Infectious Diseases
0.42461184
0.5138889

References & Citations

1. Melber DJ, Teherani A, Schwartz BS2016A comprehensive survey of preclinical microbiology curricula among US medical schoolsClin Infect Dis63216416810.1093/cid/ciw26227126343 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciw262
2. Smith BR, Kamoun M, Hickner J2016Laboratory medicine education at U.S. medical schools: a 2014 status reportAcademic Med91110711210.1097/ACM.0000000000000817 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000817
3. Rediske AM2016The necessity of prerequisite undergraduate microbiology courses for pre-allied health professionalsJ Microbiol Biol Educ17332933010.1128/jmbe.v17i3.1232 http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/jmbe.v17i3.1232
4. Smith SR1998Effect of undergraduate college major on performance in medical schoolSmith SR Acad Med7391006100810.1097/00001888-199809000-000239759107 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001888-199809000-00023
5. Heinen I, Bullinger M, Kocalevent RD2017Perceived stress in first year medical students—associations with personal resources and emotional distressBMC Med Educ171410.1186/s12909-016-0841-8280569725216588 http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0841-8
6. Kötter T, Tautphäus Y, Obst KU, Voltmer E, Scherer M2016Health-promoting factors in the freshman year of medical school: a longitudinal studyMed Educ50664665610.1111/medu.1298727170083 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12987
7. Ramos RL, Zhou C, Hasan M, Herrera SJ, Bono NA, Hallas BH2011Understanding osteopathic medical school applicants and the class of 2014J Am Osteopath Assoc111317417521464267
8. Delfiner MS, Martinez LR, Pavia CS2016A gram stain hands-on workshop enhances first year medical students’ technique competency in comprehension and memorizationPLoS One1110e016365810.1371/journal.pone.01636585053596 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163658
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/content/journal/jmbe/10.1128/jmbe.v18i3.1372
2017-12-01
2017-12-11

Abstract:

It is recognized that medical school curricula contain significant microbiology-related content as part of the training of future physicians who will be responsible stewards of antimicrobials. Surprisingly, osteopathic and allopathic medical schools do not require pre-medical microbiology coursework, and the extent to which medical students have completed microbiology coursework remains poorly understood. In this report, we show that fewer than 3% of applicants and matriculants to osteopathic medical school (OMS) have completed an undergraduate major or minor in microbiology, and fewer than 17% of applicants and matriculants to OMS have completed one or more microbiology-related courses. These data demonstrate limited pre-medical microbiology-related knowledge among osteopathic medical students, which may be associated with an increase in perceived stress when learning this content or during clinical rotations as well as a potential lack of interest in pursuing a career in infectious diseases.

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Figures

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FIGURE 1

Percentage of all applicants (light bars) and matriculants (dark bars) to osteopathic medical schools who have completed an undergraduate microbiology major.

Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2017 vol. 18 no. 3 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v18i3.1372
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