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Pre-Medical Preparation in Microbiology among Applicants and Matriculants in Osteopathic Medical School in the United States

    Authors: Raddy L. Ramos1, Erik Guercio2, Luis R. Martinez1,3,*
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    Affiliations: 1: Department of Biomedical Sciences, NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine, New York Institute of Technology, Old Westbury, NY 11568; 2: American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, Bethesda, MD 20814; 3: Department of Biological Sciences, Border Biomedical Research Center, University of Texas at El Paso, TX 79968
    AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION
    • Received 19 June 2017 Accepted 13 September 2017 Published 01 December 2017
    • ©2017 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology
    • [open-access] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ and https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode), which grants the public the nonexclusive right to copy, distribute, or display the published work.

    • *Corresponding author. Mailing address: Luis R. Martinez, The University of Texas at El Paso, Department of Biological Sciences, 500 W. University Ave., Bioscience Research Building, Room 2.170, El Paso, TX 79968-9991. Phone: 915-747-6537. Fax: 915-747-5808. E-mail: [email protected].
    Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2017 vol. 18 no. 3 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v18i3.1372
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    Abstract:

    It is recognized that medical school curricula contain significant microbiology-related content as part of the training of future physicians who will be responsible stewards of antimicrobials. Surprisingly, osteopathic and allopathic medical schools do not require pre-medical microbiology coursework, and the extent to which medical students have completed microbiology coursework remains poorly understood. In this report, we show that fewer than 3% of applicants and matriculants to osteopathic medical school (OMS) have completed an undergraduate major or minor in microbiology, and fewer than 17% of applicants and matriculants to OMS have completed one or more microbiology-related courses. These data demonstrate limited pre-medical microbiology-related knowledge among osteopathic medical students, which may be associated with an increase in perceived stress when learning this content or during clinical rotations as well as a potential lack of interest in pursuing a career in infectious diseases.

Key Concept Ranking

Antimicrobial Resistance
0.5138889
Infectious Diseases
0.42461184
0.5138889

References & Citations

1. Melber DJ, Teherani A, Schwartz BS 2016 A comprehensive survey of preclinical microbiology curricula among US medical schools Clin Infect Dis 63 2 164 168 10.1093/cid/ciw262 27126343 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciw262
2. Smith BR, Kamoun M, Hickner J 2016 Laboratory medicine education at U.S. medical schools: a 2014 status report Academic Med 91 1 107 112 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000817 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000817
3. Rediske AM 2016 The necessity of prerequisite undergraduate microbiology courses for pre-allied health professionals J Microbiol Biol Educ 17 3 329 330 10.1128/jmbe.v17i3.1232 http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/jmbe.v17i3.1232
4. Smith SR 1998 Effect of undergraduate college major on performance in medical school Smith SR Acad Med 73 9 1006 1008 10.1097/00001888-199809000-00023 9759107 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001888-199809000-00023
5. Heinen I, Bullinger M, Kocalevent RD 2017 Perceived stress in first year medical students—associations with personal resources and emotional distress BMC Med Educ 17 1 4 10.1186/s12909-016-0841-8 28056972 5216588 http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0841-8
6. Kötter T, Tautphäus Y, Obst KU, Voltmer E, Scherer M 2016 Health-promoting factors in the freshman year of medical school: a longitudinal study Med Educ 50 6 646 656 10.1111/medu.12987 27170083 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/medu.12987
7. Ramos RL, Zhou C, Hasan M, Herrera SJ, Bono NA, Hallas BH 2011 Understanding osteopathic medical school applicants and the class of 2014 J Am Osteopath Assoc 111 3 174 175 21464267
8. Delfiner MS, Martinez LR, Pavia CS 2016 A gram stain hands-on workshop enhances first year medical students’ technique competency in comprehension and memorization PLoS One 11 10 e0163658 10.1371/journal.pone.0163658 5053596 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163658

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2017-12-01
2019-02-22

Abstract:

It is recognized that medical school curricula contain significant microbiology-related content as part of the training of future physicians who will be responsible stewards of antimicrobials. Surprisingly, osteopathic and allopathic medical schools do not require pre-medical microbiology coursework, and the extent to which medical students have completed microbiology coursework remains poorly understood. In this report, we show that fewer than 3% of applicants and matriculants to osteopathic medical school (OMS) have completed an undergraduate major or minor in microbiology, and fewer than 17% of applicants and matriculants to OMS have completed one or more microbiology-related courses. These data demonstrate limited pre-medical microbiology-related knowledge among osteopathic medical students, which may be associated with an increase in perceived stress when learning this content or during clinical rotations as well as a potential lack of interest in pursuing a career in infectious diseases.

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Figures

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FIGURE 1

Percentage of all applicants (light bars) and matriculants (dark bars) to osteopathic medical schools who have completed an undergraduate microbiology major.

Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. December 2017 vol. 18 no. 3 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v18i3.1372
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