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Let Your Ideas Flow: Using Flowcharts to Convey Methods and Implications of the Results in Laboratory Exercises, Articles, Posters, and Slide Presentations

    Authors: Olivia Kimber1, Jennifer G. Cromley2, Katherine L. Molnar-Kimber3,*
    VIEW AFFILIATIONS HIDE AFFILIATIONS
    Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry, West Chester University, West Chester, PA 19383; 2: Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820; 3: Kimnar Group LLC, KMK Consulting Services, Worcester, PA 19490
    AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION AUTHOR AND ARTICLE INFORMATION
    • Received 12 September 2017 Accepted 08 December 2017 Published 30 March 2018
    • ©2018 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology.
    • [open-access] This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ and https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode), which grants the public the nonexclusive right to copy, distribute, or display the published work.

    • *Corresponding author. Mailing address: Kimnar Group, LLC, KMK Consulting Services, PO Box 219, Worcester, PA 19490. Phone: 610-990-7713. Fax: 610-222-0731. E-mail: [email protected].
    Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. March 2018 vol. 19 no. 1 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v19i1.1477
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References & Citations

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2. O’Hara L, Livigni A, Theo T, Boyer B, Angus T, Wright D, Chen SH, Raza S, Barnett MW, Digard P, Smith LB, Freeman TC 2016 Modelling the structure and dynamics of biological pathways PLOS Biol 14 e1002530 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002530 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002530
3. Congleton A, Rajaram S 2012 The origin of the interaction between learning method and delay in the testing effect: the roles of processing and conceptual retrieval organization Mem Cognit 40 528 539 10.3758/s13421-011-0168-y http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13421-011-0168-y
4. Kim J, Chung MS, Jang HG, Chung BS 2017 The use of educational comics in learning anatomy among multiple student groups Anat Sci Educ 10 79 86 10.1002/ase.1619 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ase.1619
5. Bergey BW, Cromley JG, Kirchgessner ML, Newcombe NS 2015 Using diagrams versus text for spaced restudy: effects on learning in 10th grade biology classes Br J Educ Psychol 85 59 74 10.1111/bjep.12062 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjep.12062
6. Cromley JG, Perez TC, Fitzhugh SL, Newcombe NS, Wills TW, Tanaka JC 2013 Improving students’ diagram comprehension with classroom instruction J Experiment Educ 81 511 537 10.1080/00220973.2012.745465 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00220973.2012.745465
7. Kang MK, Kim BK, Kim TW, Kim SH, Kang HR, Park HW, Chang YS, Kim SS, Min KU, Kim YY, Cho SH 2010 Physicians’ preferences for asthma guidelines implementation Allergy Asthma Immunol Res 2 247 253 10.4168/aair.2010.2.4.247 20885909 2946702 http://dx.doi.org/10.4168/aair.2010.2.4.247
8. Katz MG, Kripalani S, Weiss BD 2006 Use of pictorial aids in medication instructions: a review of the literature Am J Health Syst Pharm 63 2391 2397 10.2146/ajhp060162 17106013 http://dx.doi.org/10.2146/ajhp060162
9. von Kotzebue L, Gerstl M, Nerdel C 2015 Common mistakes in the construction of diagrams in biological contexts Res Sci Educ 45 193 213 10.1007/s11165-014-9419-9 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11165-014-9419-9
10. Hoskins SG, Stevens LM, Nehm RH 2007 Selective use of the primary literature transforms the classroom into a virtual laboratory Genetics 176 1381 1389 10.1534/genetics.107.071183 17483426 1931557 http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.107.071183
11. Cromley JG, Bergey BW, Fitzhugh SL, Newcombe N, Wills TW, FST, Tanaka JC 2013 Effects of three diagram instruction methods on transfer of diagram comprehension skills: the critical role of inference while learning Learn Instruct 26 45 58 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2013.01.003 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2013.01.003
12. Wilson KJ, Rigakos B 2016 Scientific process flowchart assessment (SPFA): a method for evaluating changes in understanding and visualization of the scientific process in a multidisciplinary student population CBE Life Sci Educ 15 4 pii:ar63 10.1187/cbe.16-06-0196 27856551 5132360 http://dx.doi.org/10.1187/cbe.16-06-0196
13. Scheiter K, Schleinschok K, Ainsworth S 2017 Why sketching may aid learning from science texts: contrasting sketching with written explanations Top Cogn Sci 9 866 882 10.1111/tops.12261 28328077 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tops.12261
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15. Hoskins SG, Lopatto D, Stevens LM 2011 The C.R.E.A.T.E. approach to primary literature shifts undergraduates’ self-assessed ability to read and analyze journal articles, attitudes about science, and epistemological beliefs CBE Life Sci Educ 10 368 378 10.1187/cbe.11-03-0027 22135371 3228655 http://dx.doi.org/10.1187/cbe.11-03-0027

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Figures

Image of FIGURE 1

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FIGURE 1

Flow diagrams showing the life cycle of , a pathogenic organism. A) Original diagram. B) Revised diagram uses similar conventions of diagrams and some modifications have been made to improve comprehension. EB = elementary body of ; RB = reticulate body of .

Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. March 2018 vol. 19 no. 1 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v19i1.1477
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Image of FIGURE 2

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FIGURE 2

A flow diagram that zooms out (reduces magnification) from a DNA helix at high resolution through several more-compact structures to full condensation and into a metaphase chromosome.

Source: J. Microbiol. Biol. Educ. March 2018 vol. 19 no. 1 doi:10.1128/jmbe.v19i1.1477
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