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The Biology of

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  • Author: James D. Oliver1
  • Editor: Michael Sadowsky2
  • VIEW AFFILIATIONS HIDE AFFILIATIONS
    Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223; 2: University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN
  • Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
  • Received 24 September 2014 Accepted 24 February 2015 Published 29 May 2015
  • James D. Oliver, jdoliver@uncc.edu
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  • Abstract:

    , carrying a 50% fatality rate, is the most deadly of the foodborne pathogens. It occurs in estuarine and coastal waters and it is found in especially high numbers in oysters and other molluscan shellfish. The biology of , including its ecology, pathogenesis, and molecular genetics, has been described in numerous reviews. This article provides a brief summary of some of the key aspects of this important human pathogen, including information on biotypes and genotypes, virulence factors, risk factor requirements and the role of iron in disease, association with oysters, geographic distribution, importance of salinity and water temperature, increasing incidence associated with global warming. This article includes some of our findings as presented at the “Vibrios in the Environment 2010” conference held in Biloxi, MS.

  • Citation: Oliver J. 2015. The Biology of . Microbiol Spectrum 3(3):VE-0001-2014. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.

Key Concept Ranking

Eastern oyster
0.48012632
16s rRNA Sequencing
0.47053954
Multilocus Sequence Typing
0.4511755
Vibrio vulnificus
0.41688153
0.48012632

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/content/journal/microbiolspec/10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
2015-05-29
2017-06-28

Abstract:

, carrying a 50% fatality rate, is the most deadly of the foodborne pathogens. It occurs in estuarine and coastal waters and it is found in especially high numbers in oysters and other molluscan shellfish. The biology of , including its ecology, pathogenesis, and molecular genetics, has been described in numerous reviews. This article provides a brief summary of some of the key aspects of this important human pathogen, including information on biotypes and genotypes, virulence factors, risk factor requirements and the role of iron in disease, association with oysters, geographic distribution, importance of salinity and water temperature, increasing incidence associated with global warming. This article includes some of our findings as presented at the “Vibrios in the Environment 2010” conference held in Biloxi, MS.

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FIGURE 1

Age distribution of people developing septicemia (J.D. Oliver, unpublished data). doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.f1

Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
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Opaque (encapsulated) and translucent (nonencapsulated) colonies of on heart infusion agar. Reprinted from reference 10 . doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.f2

Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
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Distribution of cells in the Neuse River Estuary of North Carolina, as determined by salinity. Note different axes for E- and C-genotypes (C. Taylor and J.D. Oliver, unpublished data). doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.f3

Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
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Gene expression by cells in membrane diffusion chambers incubated (estuarine waters of North Carolina coast). Shown are duration of expression (h) for vvhA (hemolysin), trkA (encodes a surface component of the constitutive K+-uptake system), viuB (siderophore), relA (ppGpp synthetase), and groEL (a chaperonin) (T.C. Williams and J.D. Oliver, unpublished data). doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.f4

Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
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Seasonal distribution of cases (n=380) reported by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States over the 12-year period, 2000 to 2011. Shown are numbers of cases reported by month. Also plotted is mean monthly surface water temperatures recorded at Dauphin Island, AL. Horizontal lines show 13°C, at which temperature cells enter the viable but nonculturable state and few cases occur (eight each in February and March and two in December, out of the 380 total cases), and 20°C, which represents the critical temperature at which most cases occur (J.D. Oliver, unpublished data). doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.f5

Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
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FIGURE 6

Distribution of cells in the Neuse River Estuary of North Carolina, as determined by temperature. Note different axes for E- and C-genotypes (C. Taylor and J.D. Oliver, unpublished data). doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014.f6

Source: microbiolspec May 2015 vol. 3 no. 3 doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.VE-0001-2014
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