Chapter 111 : Method Development for Detection in Metalworking Fluids

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Metalworking fluids (MWFs) are highly susceptible to microbiological contamination from the environment due to high water content, available nutrients, and optimum growth temperature for most environmental microorganisms. Outbreaks of Pontiac fever and Legionnaires' disease were associated with MWFs at two unrelated automotive facilities. and serogroup 1 (sg 1) were identified as the probable causative organisms. The objective of this chapter was to develop a selective and sensitive culture method for detection of in MWFs in order to prevent and control possible occupational health-related problems. Recovery efficiency was evaluated by spiking MWF field samples, highly contaminated (10 to 10/ml) with nonlegionella organisms with high levels (10 to 10/ml) of sg 1 and . Several sample treatment conditions to reduce the interference of the high background population, including acidification, heat treatment, and use of antibiotics in the recovery medium, were evaluated.

Citation: Rossmoore K, Rossmoore L, Cuthbert C. 2006. Method Development for Detection in Metalworking Fluids, p 463-464. In Cianciotto N, Kwaik Y, Edelstein P, Fields B, Geary D, Harrison T, Joseph C, Ratcliff R, Stout J, Swanson M (ed), . ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815660.ch111
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2. Edelstein, P. H.,, J. B. Snitzer, and, J. A. Bridge. 1982. Enhancement of recovery of Legionella pneumophila from contaminated respiratory tract specimens by heat. J. Clin. Microbiol. 16: 10611065.
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5. Rossmoore, H. W.,, L. A. and,, C. E. Young. 1987. Microbial ecology of an automotive engine plant. Int. Biodeterioration Biodegradation 1: 255268.

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