Chapter 22 : Miscellaneous Animal Pathogens

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Vibrios are the scourge of marine and estuarine vertebrates and invertebrates. In some cases the evidence for involvement in disease processes is spurious, whereas other bacterial species are recognized as serious animal pathogens. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic data, these vibrios were grouped into two new species, and , the latter of which was subsequently reclassified as . Pathogenicity has been confirmed in laboratory based challenges involving . Thus, four to six scales were removed from fish, the dermis was scarified, and the wound was swabbed with 10-10 viable cells of . An immunostimulant, specifically, glucan, enhanced resistance of gilthead bream to experimental challenge with subsp. . This approach is worthy of further consideration to expand the current range of disease control strategies applicable to pasteurellosis. The authors, Selvin, Lipton and Lee et al, reported that the was more problematic in shrimp, which were infected with the white spot syndrome virus. A divalent vaccine containing formalized cells and extracellular proteins (ECP) of was developed. Also, the administration of sodium alginate in the diet improved the resistance of white shrimp () to infection by . The newly described species was regarded as pathogenic for coral, , in the Red Sea. A new bacterial species, , was described to accommodate isolates considered to cause brown ring disease in Manila clams () and carpet shell clams ().

Citation: Austin B. 2006. Miscellaneous Animal Pathogens, p 297-308. In Thompson F, Austin B, Swings J (ed), The Biology of Vibrios. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815714.ch22
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