Chapter 11 : Sports: The Infectious Hazards

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There are several mechanisms by which infectious agents may be spread during sports. The main routes of transmission include direct- and indirect-contact, droplet, common-source, and airborne transmission. Common etiologies of sports-related infections are discussed in this chapter. Transmission resulting from nonathletic bloody fistfights has been reported. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the cause of a contagious viral infection of the skin and mucous membranes. Upper respiratory tract infections (URI), which are caused by a number of viruses and bacteria, are some of the most common illnesses encountered in sports. Athletes participating in water sports may be at risk, depending on the type of activity and water quality. Leptospirosis and otitis externa, two of the prominent water-based diseases faced by athletes, are discussed. Acute otitis externa, also known as swimmer’s ear, is an inflammation of the external auditory canal. It is typically seen among athletes participating in water sports who commonly experience mechanical trauma to the external ear. Common-source exposure to infectious diseases in athletic settings normally occurs in cases where water or food containers are contaminated and shared. Vector-borne pathogens are spread by carriers such as ticks, insects, or animals. To avoid the spread of fungal infections of the feet, athletes should wear proper footwear, keep the feet and socks dry during sporting activities, and avoid going barefoot in shared areas, such as the locker room and shower.

Citation: Minooee A, Rickman (deceased) L, Gupta G. 2009. Sports: The Infectious Hazards, p 275-292. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815950.ch11
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Common etiologies of sports-related infections

Citation: Minooee A, Rickman (deceased) L, Gupta G. 2009. Sports: The Infectious Hazards, p 275-292. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815950.ch11
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Potential infectious diseases associated with water sports

Citation: Minooee A, Rickman (deceased) L, Gupta G. 2009. Sports: The Infectious Hazards, p 275-292. In Schlossberg D (ed), Infections of Leisure, Fourth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555815950.ch11

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