Chapter 21 : a Review of the Genome

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is one of 18 currently recognized species of . The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions have long been used in the study of plant genomics and evolution. Van der Heijden and colleagues attempted to use the ITS-1 region to subtype but like many found the A/T rich fluorograms too complex to discern meaningful patterns. Of the four future directions John Barta proposed for the classification of protozoan parasites, two are especially applicable to . First, there is an overemphasis on species of medical and veterinary importance. Thus, it is essential that other species are collected, examined, and sequenced so as to further resolve this genus's phylogenetic place. Second, sole reliance on the 18S rRNA is not prudent and other genes should also be examined. It has also been suggested that looking at other genomes within the organism would be wise. The similarity of to other coccidia, coupled with its maddening differences, drives us to devise and try new methods of sequence analysis, even to examine our assumptions regarding taxonomic organization. The study of vividly illustrates and thus reminds us of the interdependence between ecology, epidemiology, and genomics. Knowledge of the ecology of would also reveal the conditions leading to oocyst infectivity, which would enable epidemiologists to formulate public health recommendations to interrupt disease transmission.

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21
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Figure 1

Schematic of the ribosomal gene complex.

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21
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Figure 2

Phylogenetic tree based on the 18S ssurRNA sequence of and spp. using MUSCLE to align the sequences, Bayesian inference to determine phylogeny, and the TreeDyn program ( ).

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21
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Table 1

Known species and their hosts

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21
Generic image for table
Table 2

Regions of the genomes that have been sequenced

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21
Generic image for table
Table 3

Evolutionary distance matrix using 18S ssurRNA (complete sequences)

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21
Generic image for table
Table 4

Evolutionary distance matrix using heat shock protein 70 (partial sequences)

Citation: Shields J. 2011. a Review of the Genome, p 299-308. In Fratamico P, Liu Y, Kathariou S (ed), Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555816902.ch21

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