Chapter 22 : Streptococcus

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Streptococcus, Page 1 of 2

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The genus currently comprises >100 recognized species, and this number can certainly be expected to rise with the increasing availability of next-generation sequencing technologies. More than 10 novel species have been validly published in the last 5 years alone. Most of these were found in the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract of various mammals and so far have not been shown to play a role in human infections. This chapter focuses on well-known and novel streptococcal species found in human specimens and covers changes that have been applied to the taxonomy of streptococci in recent years.

Citation: Spellerberg B, Brandt C. 2015. Streptococcus, p 383-402. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch22
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Image of FIGURE 1

Colony morphology of selected streptococci. (A) strain ATCC12344; (B) clinical isolate of ; (C) clinical isolate of subsp. (Lancefield group G); (D) mixed culture of (ATCC12395, open arrow) and clinical isolate of subsp. (closed arrow) (note the difference in colony size); (E) clinical isolate of (note the central depression of the colonies); (F) clinical isolate of (note the mucoid appearance of colonies). doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch22.f1

Citation: Spellerberg B, Brandt C. 2015. Streptococcus, p 383-402. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch22
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Image of FIGURE 2

CAMP factor test. Arrowhead-shaped zone of hemolysis in the zone of the beta-hemolysin. (A) Clinical isolate of a weakly beta-hemolytic strain. (B) Beta-hemolytic strain O90R. (C) Nonhemolytic strain R268. doi:10.1128/9781555817381.ch22.f2

Citation: Spellerberg B, Brandt C. 2015. Streptococcus, p 383-402. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch22
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Phenotypic characteristics of beta-hemolytic streptococci

Citation: Spellerberg B, Brandt C. 2015. Streptococcus, p 383-402. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch22
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Phenotypic characteristics of major streptococcal groups

Citation: Spellerberg B, Brandt C. 2015. Streptococcus, p 383-402. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch22
Generic image for table

Phenotypic characteristics of streptococcal species from the group

Citation: Spellerberg B, Brandt C. 2015. Streptococcus, p 383-402. In Jorgensen J, Pfaller M, Carroll K, Funke G, Landry M, Richter S, Warnock D (ed), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, Eleventh Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817381.ch22

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