Chapter 23 : Biocides in the Kitchen

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in

Biocides in the Kitchen, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817442/9781555815004_Chap23-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555817442/9781555815004_Chap23-2.gif


Studies in the United Kingdom on at Unilever Research, Sharnbrook, and King's College, London, have also demonstrated that cross-resistance between antibiotics and biocides does occur, particularly in clinical strains. Samples were taken from sinks and other surfaces in the kitchen and bathroom and from soil likely to be tracked into the home. Bacteria targeted in these samples included coagulase-negative spp., , spp., spp., and . The investigators screened all 1,238 isolates for antibiotic sensitivity and tested selected resistant and sensitive isolates against triclosan, pine oil, parachlorometaxylenol, and quaternary ammonium compounds. The results indicated that there was no significant or meaningful correlation between the antibiotic resistance patterns of any of the gram-positive or gram-negative potential human pathogens and their insensitivity to any of the four antimicrobial substances. More target bacteria was recovered from homes not treated with antibacterial products than from those where they were in use. All isolates were sensitive to oxacillin and vancomycin, all isolates were sensitive to ampicillin and vancomycin, and all and isolates were sensitive to broad-spectrum cephalosporins. These results certainly indicated that the contribution to antibiotic resistance from biocidal warfare in the kitchen may be considerably less than some commentators have alleged.

Citation: Dixon B. 2009. Biocides in the Kitchen, p 105-109. In Animalcules. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817442.ch23
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


1. Cole, E. C.,, R. M. Addison,, J. R. Rubino,, K. E. Leese,, P. D. Dulaney,, M. S. Newell,, J. Wilkins,, D. J. Gaber,, T. Wineinger,, and D. A. Criger. 2003. Investigation of antibiotic and antibacterial agent cross-resistance in target bacteria from homes of antibacterial product users and nonusers. J. Appl. Microbiol. 95: 664 676.
2. Lambert, R. J. W.,, J. Joynson,, and B. Forbes. 2001. The relationships and susceptibilities of some industrial, laboratory and clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to some antibiotics and biocides. J. Appl. Microbiol. 91: 972 984.
3. Levy, C. W.,, A. Roujeinikova,, S. Sedelnikova,, P. J. Baker,, A. R. Stuitje,, A. R. Slabas,, D. W. Rice,, and J. B. Rafferty. 1999. Molecular basis of triclosan activity. Nature 398: 383 384.
4. Levy, S. B. 1998. The challenge of antibiotic resistance. Sci. Am. 278( 3): 46 53.
5. McMurry, L. M.,, P. F. McDermott,, and S. B. Levy. 1999. Genetic evidence that InhA of Mycobacterium smegmatis is a target for triclosan. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 43: 711 713.
6. Moken, M. C.,, L. M. McMurry,, and S. B. Levy. 1997. Selection of multiple-antibiotic-resistant (Mar) mutants of Escherichia coli by using the disinfectant pine oil: roles of the mar and acrAB loci. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 41: 2770 2772.

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error