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Chapter 20 : Uncommon Enterobacterial Genera Associated with Clinical Specimens

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Abstract:

can be separated from other members of the by negative tests for lysine decarboxylase (LDC), gelatinase, and deoxyribonuclease; their inability to ferment L-arabinose and L-rhamnose; and a positive test for arginine dihydrolase (ADH). In addition, some strains of produce what is described as a distinctive potato-like odor (actually a rather pungent, unpleasant, musty smell), a trait they share with . is also thought to be a possible cause of internal stipe necrosis, a browning disorder of the cultivated mushroom . In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) redefined the genus and proposed it for a group of organisms known as enteric group 8. spp. utilize a wide number of substrates, ferment most sugars, and must be separated from other indole-positive, Voges-Proskauer (VP)-negative members of the . Typical of most enteric bacteria, grows well on isolation media. As it does not ferment lactose or sucrose and is HS positive, it produces colorless colonies with or without a black center resembling . In 1986, researchers isolated three strains from 400 diarrheal stools with a medium specifically designed for . has been shown to be the most abundant nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of wheat and maize, one of two dominant bacteria present on grasses, and isolated from carrots.

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Uncommon Enterobacterial Genera Associated with Clinical Specimens, p 357-376. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch20
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Tables

Generic image for table
Table 1

Taxonomic recap of miscellaneous genera in this chapter

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Uncommon Enterobacterial Genera Associated with Clinical Specimens, p 357-376. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch20
Generic image for table
Table 2

Identification of miscellaneous by 10 commercial systems

Citation: Janda J, Abbott S. 2006. Uncommon Enterobacterial Genera Associated with Clinical Specimens, p 357-376. In The Enterobacteria, Second Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817541.ch20

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