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Chapter 11 : Pathogens of Nonhuman Primates

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Abstract:

This chapter deals with the most commonly identified primate pathogens. When any of these pathogens are diagnosed, the laboratory animal veterinarian and the scientific investigator should discuss the infection in light of the intended use of the animal(s). It is an especially difficult task to assess retrospectively the effects of pathogens on primate physiology. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of several important hepatitis viruses known to infect, and to be named after, specific animal hosts such as woodchucks, ducks, and ground squirrels. Diagnosis of HBV is complicated by the lack of clinical signs. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), also known as ‘‘chimpanzee coryza,’’ is a single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) virus in the family Paramyxoviridae, subfamily Pneumovirinae. In some cases of Simian retrovirus type D (SRV/D) infection, resulting immune suppression facilitates infection with a wide range of opportunistic pathogens. The subsequent profound immune compromise allows for infection with opportunistic pathogens, particularly pyogenic bacteria. Prevention of infection with other pathogens, particularly immune-suppressive viruses, will help ensure that SV40 does not adversely affect host physiology. is among the most common bacterial pathogens of captive primates. is a protozoan parasite and member of the Class . Most members of the class are free living and nonparasitic, or are parasitic and symbiotic. In this regard, some humans infected with experience bloodloss anemia in addition to nutrient malabsorption.

Citation: Baker D. 2003. Pathogens of Nonhuman Primates, p 341-376. In Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817824.ch11
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Tables

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TABLE 11-1

Body systems known or likely to be affected by pathogen indicated

Citation: Baker D. 2003. Pathogens of Nonhuman Primates, p 341-376. In Natural Pathogens of Laboratory Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817824.ch11

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