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Chapter 11 : Cooperation between Viral and Bacterial Pathogens in Causing Human Respiratory Disease

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Abstract:

Viruses that most commonly attack the human respiratory tract are influenza virus, parainfluenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenoviruses, measles virus, rhinoviruses, and coronaviruses. The main bacterial pathogens found in this tract are , , , , , , , and, in immunocompromised patients, . This chapter describes how some of these viruses and bacteria can cooperate to cause respiratory diseases which are more severe than those caused by either pathogen alone. Clinical, pathological, and epidemiological observations on natural disease, which suggest that such cooperation occurs, are examined first. This is followed by experiments using either animal models or, occasionally, human infections which prove the case. Finally, the chapter talks about possible mechanisms to explain the increased severity of disease arising from dual infections.

Citation: Smith H, Sweet C. 2002. Cooperation between Viral and Bacterial Pathogens in Causing Human Respiratory Disease, p 201-212. In Brogden K, Guthmiller J (ed), Polymicrobial Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817947.ch11

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Human immunodeficiency virus 1
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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
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Respiratory syncytial virus
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Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE 1

Enhanced bacterial adherence to cell lines when infected with viruses in vitro

Citation: Smith H, Sweet C. 2002. Cooperation between Viral and Bacterial Pathogens in Causing Human Respiratory Disease, p 201-212. In Brogden K, Guthmiller J (ed), Polymicrobial Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817947.ch11
Generic image for table
TABLE 2

Enhanced bacterial adherence to tissues or cells of virus-infected animals or humans

Citation: Smith H, Sweet C. 2002. Cooperation between Viral and Bacterial Pathogens in Causing Human Respiratory Disease, p 201-212. In Brogden K, Guthmiller J (ed), Polymicrobial Diseases. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817947.ch11

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