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Chapter 16 : Emerging Infectious Diseases

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Abstract:

This chapter is devoted to select emerging and reemerging infectious disease entities and, wherever applicable, typical clinical manifestations and laboratory findings are also described. The majority of cases of human monocytic ehrlichia (HME) and human granulocyte ehrlichia (HGE) are diagnosed by retrospective serologic testing, and the most commonly used serologic test is the indirect fluorescent-antibody test, which is available through commercial laboratories and public health laboratories. The majority of cat scratch disease is caused by ; the different clinical presentations associated with infection appear to predominantly be due to the host immune system although there may be differences in virulence between strains as well. Nucleic acid detection techniques for species were first described by Relman based on amplification of the 16S rRNA gene. The hantavirus pulmonary syndrome begins with a prodromal phase consisting of sudden onset of fever, myalgias, headache, and backache. Immunohistochemistry staining of tissue samples can also be used to look for hantavirus antigens. This study is usually done as a confirmatory test in appropriate patients. PCR testing on tissue or blood cells can also be used to detect hantavirus RNA.

Citation: Suh B, Kostman J, Maniglia R. 2002. Emerging Infectious Diseases, p 396-412. In Truant A (ed), Manual of Commercial Methods in Clinical Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817961.ch16

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Murray valley encephalitis virus
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Sin nombre virus
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Kaposi's Sarcoma
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Tilapias (also known as St. Peter's fish or Hawaiian sunfish). Courtesy of Donald E. Low.

Citation: Suh B, Kostman J, Maniglia R. 2002. Emerging Infectious Diseases, p 396-412. In Truant A (ed), Manual of Commercial Methods in Clinical Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817961.ch16
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Tables

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TABLE 1.

Clinical and laboratory abnormalities in human monocytotropic and granulocytotropic ehrlichioses

Citation: Suh B, Kostman J, Maniglia R. 2002. Emerging Infectious Diseases, p 396-412. In Truant A (ed), Manual of Commercial Methods in Clinical Microbiology. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817961.ch16

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