Chapter 16 : Surveillance of Wildlife Diseases: Lessons from the West Nile Virus Outbreak

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In 1998, before the West Nile virus (WNV), monkeypox, and severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreaks, Childs et al. ( ) made the prescient observation that “multidisciplinary teams of ecologists, mammalogists, ornithologists, and entomologists, as well as physicians and epidemiologists, may be required for successful investigations of zoonoses.” This was proven to be true in 1999 when the lack of a One Health approach significantly delayed recognition of WNV. This was due to a number of factors including:

Citation: McNamara T, McLean R, Saito E, Wolff P, Gillin C, Fischer J, Ellis J, French R, Martin P, Schuler K, McRuer D, Clark E, Hines M, Marsh C, Szewczyk V, Sladky K, Yon L, Hannant D, Siemer W. 2014. Surveillance of Wildlife Diseases: Lessons from the West Nile Virus Outbreak, p 237-251. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0014-2012
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