Chapter 9 : One Health and Food-Borne Disease: Transmission between Humans, Animals, and Plants

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There are >2,600 recognized serovars of . Many of these serovars have a broad host range and can infect a wide variety of animals, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. In addition, can grow in plants and can survive in protozoa, soil, and water. Hence, reducing human infections will require the reduction of in animals and limitation of transmission from the environment.

Citation: Silva C, Calva E, Maloy S. 2014. One Health and Food-Borne Disease: Transmission between Humans, Animals, and Plants, p 137-148. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0020-2013
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Figure 1

Changes in prevalence of serovars Pullorum versus Enteritidis and Typhimurium in the United States. As the prevalence of Pullorum in U.S. poultry flocks decreased as a result of a U.S. Department of Agriculture program (blue line), the prevalence of Enteritidis in humans increased (red line). Transmission of Enteritidis to humans from chicken eggs increased coordinately with the increased prevalence in poultry. During the period when the incidence of Enteritidis infections in humans was increasing, the incidence of Typhimurium infections in humans (green line) was relatively unchanged. Figure redrawn from reference . See the original reference for precise numbers. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0020-2013.f1

Citation: Silva C, Calva E, Maloy S. 2014. One Health and Food-Borne Disease: Transmission between Humans, Animals, and Plants, p 137-148. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0020-2013
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Table 1

Some sources of outbreaks

Citation: Silva C, Calva E, Maloy S. 2014. One Health and Food-Borne Disease: Transmission between Humans, Animals, and Plants, p 137-148. In Atlas R, Maloy S (ed), One Health. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.OH-0020-2013

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