Chapter 50 : and Infections

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is a unique family of bacteria which consists of small Gram-negative coccobacilli that are obligate intracytoplasmic organisms, typically causing infection in warm-blooded animals (1). The genus name first appeared in the literature in 1945 but was not fully recognized until 1956 (1, 2). The family had only one genus until 1999 when the genus was added. However, the name has not become widely adopted in the medical community, and spp. are still commonly referred to as spp.

Citation: She R. 2016. and Infections, p 453-460. In Detrick B, Schmitz J, Hamilton R (ed), Manual of Molecular and Clinical Laboratory Immunology, Eighth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818722.ch50
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Image of FIGURE 1

Example of culture positive for , as confirmed by fluorescently labeled monoclonal antibody to chlamydial group antigens using reagents from Diagnostic Hybrids (Athens, OH).

Citation: She R. 2016. and Infections, p 453-460. In Detrick B, Schmitz J, Hamilton R (ed), Manual of Molecular and Clinical Laboratory Immunology, Eighth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818722.ch50
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Image of FIGURE 2

Example of a positive microimmunofluorescence (MIF) serologic reaction for . Bright green fluorescent dot-like staining highlights the elementary bodies which have reacted with the patient serum (100× magnification). Photo courtesy of Marc R Couturier.

Citation: She R. 2016. and Infections, p 453-460. In Detrick B, Schmitz J, Hamilton R (ed), Manual of Molecular and Clinical Laboratory Immunology, Eighth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818722.ch50
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Select nucleic acid-amplified methods (FDA-cleared) for detection of from clinical specimens

Citation: She R. 2016. and Infections, p 453-460. In Detrick B, Schmitz J, Hamilton R (ed), Manual of Molecular and Clinical Laboratory Immunology, Eighth Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555818722.ch50

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