Chapter 8 : Forensic Phytopathology: a Critical Review

MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Preview this chapter:
Zoom in

Forensic Phytopathology: a Critical Review, Page 1 of 2

| /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555818852/9781555818852_Chap08-1.gif /docserver/preview/fulltext/10.1128/9781555818852/9781555818852_Chap08-2.gif


If forensic science is any science used for the purposes of the law (as defined by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences) or for solving a crime, then forensic phytopathology is the application of plant pathology to purposes of the law. In other words, it is the interface between plant pathology and civil and criminal legal affairs. It is a largely unexplored field and is still developing.

Citation: Bayman P, Serrato-Díaz L. 2018. Forensic Phytopathology: a Critical Review, p 173-189. In Cano R, Toranzos G (ed), Environmental Microbial Forensics. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.EMF-0008-2015
Highlighted Text: Show | Hide
Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Image of Figure 1
Figure 1

Two standard representations of plant diseases as an interaction between host, pathogen, and environment and, at right, time.

Citation: Bayman P, Serrato-Díaz L. 2018. Forensic Phytopathology: a Critical Review, p 173-189. In Cano R, Toranzos G (ed), Environmental Microbial Forensics. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/microbiolspec.EMF-0008-2015
Permissions and Reprints Request Permissions
Download as Powerpoint


1. Ruhl G . 2004. Crime scene investigation (CSI) with powdery mildew fungi. The Plant Health Instructor. http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/K-12/TeachersGuide/CSIPowderyMildew/Pages/default.aspx.[CrossRef]
2. Agrios GN . 1997. Plant Pathology, 4th ed. Harcourt Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
3. Norris RF,, Caswell-Chen EP,, Kogan M . 2003. Concepts in Integrated Pest Management. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
4. Fletcher J,, Bender C,, Budowle B,, Cobb WT,, Gold SE,, Ishimaru CA,, Luster D,, Melcher U,, Murch R,, Scherm H,, Seem RC,, Sherwood JL,, Sobral BW,, Tolin SA . 2006. Plant pathogen forensics: capabilities, needs, and recommendations. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 70 : 450 471.[PubMed][CrossRef]
5. Fletcher J,, Melcher U,, Luster DG,, Sherwood JL, . 2008. Microbial forensics and plant pathogens: attribution of agricultural crime, p 1 24. In Voeller JG (ed), Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Somerset, NJ.[CrossRef]
6. Fletcher J,, Ochoa Corona FM,, Payton M, . 2014. Plant disease diagnostics for forensic applications, p 103 115. In Gullino ML,, Bonants PJM (ed), Detection and Diagnostics of Plant Pathogens (Plant Pathology in the 21st Century). Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.[CrossRef]
7. Madden LV,, Wheelis M . 2003. The threat of plant pathogens as weapons against U.S. crops. Annu Rev Phytopathol 41 : 155 176.[PubMed][CrossRef]
8. Wheelis M,, Casagrande R,, Madden LV . 2002. Biological attack on agriculture: low-tech, high impact bioterrorism. Bioscience 52 : 569 576.[CrossRef]
9. Wilson TM,, Logan-Henfrey L,, Weller R,, Kellman B, . 2002. Agroterrorism, biological crimes, and biological warfare targeting animal agriculture, p 23 57. In Brown C,, Bolin C (ed), Emerging Diseases of Animals. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
10. Schaad NW,, Shaw JJ,, Vidaver A,, Leach J,, Erlick BJ . 1999. Crop biosecurity. APS net feature. http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/CropBiosecurity.aspx.[CrossRef]
11. Stack JP,, Suffert F,, Gullino ML, . 2010. Bioterrorism: a threat to plant biosecurity? p 115 132. In Strange RN,, Gullino ML (ed), The Role of Plant Pathology in Food Safety and Food Security (Plant Pathology in the 21st Century). Springer Science+Business Media, New York, NY.
12. Wheelis M,, Rózsa L . 2009. Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons since 1945. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
13. Fletcher J,, Barnaby NG,, Burans JP,, Melcher U,, Nutter FW Jr,, Thomas C,, Ochoa Corona FM, . 2011. Forensic plant pathology, p 89 105. In Budowle B,, Schutzer SE,, Breeze RG,, Keim PS,, Morse SA (ed), Microbial Forensics. Elsevier-Academic Press, San Diego, CA. [CrossRef]
14. Callaway E . 2008. Bioterror: the green menace. Nature 452 : 148 150.[PubMed][CrossRef]
15. Rupe J,, Sconyers L . 2008. Soybean rust. The Plant Health Instructor.[CrossRef]
16. National Association of State Departments of Agriculture . 2015. NASDA Policy Statements: soybean rust. National Association of State Departments of Agriculture, Arlington, VA. http://www.nasda.org/Policy/5332/4926/4927.aspx.
17. Veillette C,, Navarrete-Frías C . 2005. Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes. CRS report for Congress. Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
18. National Research Council . 2011. Feasibility of Using Mycoherbicides for Controlling Illicit Drug Crops. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.
19. Bailey BA . 1995. Purification of a protein from culture filtrates of Fusarium oxysporum that induces ethylene and necrosis in leaves of Erythroxylum coca. Phytopathology 85 : 1250 1255.[CrossRef]
20. Sands DC,, Ford EJ,, Miller RV,, Sally BK,, McCarthy MK,, Anderson TW,, Weaver MB,, Morgan CT,, Pilgeram AL,, Darlington LC . 1997. Characterization of a vascular wilt of Erythroxylum coca caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. erythroxyli forma specialis nova. Plant Dis 81 : 501 504.[CrossRef]
21. Bigwood J . 2006. Repeating mistakes of the past: another mycoherbicide research bill. Drug Policy Alliance. Office of National Affairs, Washington, DC. [PubMed]
22. de Granada GE,, Orozco de Amézquita M,, Bautista GR,, Valencia H . 2001. Fusarium oxysporum el hongo que nos falta conocer. Acta Biol Colomb 6 : 7 25.
23. Nelson AJ,, Elias KS,, Arévalo GE,, Darlington LC,, Bailey BA . 1997. Genetic characterization by RAPD analysis of isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. erythroxyli associated with an emerging epidemic in Peru. Phytopathology 87 : 1220 1225.[PubMed][CrossRef]
24. Rukmini C,, Bhat RV . 1978. Occurrence of T-2 toxin in Fusarium-infested sorghum from India. J Agric Food Chem 26 : 647 649.[PubMed][CrossRef]
25. Mirocha CJ,, Abbas HK,, Kommedahl T,, Jarvis BB . 1989. Mycotoxin production by Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium sporotrichioides isolated from Baccharis spp. from Brazil. Appl Environ Microbiol 55 : 254 255.[PubMed]
26. Neuer A,, Seeger H,, Mück AO,, Lippert TH . 1994. The effect of zearalenone and 17β-estradiol on prostacyclin and thromboxane production in cell cultures from human umbilical cord veins. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 51 : 241 244.[PubMed][CrossRef]
27. Placinta CM,, D’Mello JPF,, Macdonald AMC . 1999. A review of worldwide contamination of cereal grains and animal feed with Fusarium mycotoxins. Anim Feed Sci Technol 78 : 21 37.[CrossRef]
28. McCain AH,, Noviello C . 1985. Biological control of Cannabis sativa, p 635 642. In Proceedings, 6th International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. http://www.invasive.org/proceedings/pdfs/6_635-642.pdf.
29. McPartland JM . 1996. A review of Cannabis diseases. J Int Hemp Assoc 3 : 19 23.
30. McPartland JM,, Hillig KW . 2004. Cannabis clinic Fusarium wilt. J Ind Hemp 9 : 67 77.[CrossRef]
31. Tiourebaev KS,, Semenchenko GV,, Dolgovskaya M,, McCarthy MK,, Anderson TW,, Carsten LD,, Pilgeram AL,, Sands DC . 2001. Biological control of infestations of ditchweed ( Cannabis sativa) with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cannabis in Kazakhstan. Biocontrol Sci Technol 11 : 535 540.[CrossRef]
32. O’Neill NR,, Jennings JC,, Bailey BA,, Farr DF . 2000. Dendryphion penicillatum and Pleospora papaveracea, destructive seedborne pathogens and potential mycoherbicides for Papaver somniferum. Phytopathology 90 : 691 698.[PubMed][CrossRef]
33. Bailey BA,, Apel-Birkhold PC,, Akingbe OO,, Ryan JL,, O’Neill NR,, Anderson JD . 2000. Nep1 protein from Fusarium oxysporum enhances biological control of opium poppy Pleospora papaveracea. Phytopathology 90 : 812 818.[PubMed][CrossRef]
34. Zilinkas RA, . 2008. Cuban allegations of U.S. biological warfare: false allegations and their impact on attribution, p 144 164. In Clunan A,, Lavoy P,, Martin S (ed), Terrorism, War, or Disease? Unraveling the Use of Biological Weapons. Stanford University Press, Redwood City, CA.
35. Purdy LH,, Krupa SV,, Dean JL . 1985. Introduction of sugarcane rust into the Americas and its spread to Florida. Plant Dis 69 : 689 693.[CrossRef]
36. Cardwell KF,, Desjardins A,, Henry SH,, Munkvold G,, Robens J . 2001. Mycotoxins: the cost of achieving food security and food quality. APSnet feature.[CrossRef]
37. Goldberg S . 2005. Bioterrorismo: uma lei na pauta de exportações. Conjuntura Econ 57 : 70 73.
38. Freedman W . 1999. Black goo molds alarm growers about grape vine decline. Mycena News 49( 11) : 9.
39. Sinton P . 1999. The Black Goo plague/spread of unstoppable fungi creates rift in wine country over who’s to blame. San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, CA. http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/The-Black-Goo-Plague-Spread-of-unstoppable-2903857.php#photo-2246023.
40. Hirsch J . 2004. State’s nursery industry sues Kentucky over ban. Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, CA. http://articles.latimes.com/2004/jul/10/business/fi-oak10.
41. Das AK . 2003. Citrus canker—a review. J Appl Hortic 5 : 52 60.
42. Brinkmann P . 2014. Jury awards $20.7M in Orange County citrus canker class action. Orlando Sentinel, Orlando, FL. http://www.orlandosentinel.com/business/brinkmann-on-business/os-jury-awards-207m-in-orange-county-citrus-canker-class-action-20141007-post.html.
43. Fleshler D . 2014. Broward homeowners fail to get money for destroyed trees. Sun Sentinel, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/fl-citrus-canker-money-20141103-story.html.
44. Wolford B . 2013. Citrus canker lawsuit headed back to trial. Sun Sentinel, Ft. Lauderdale, FL. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2013-10-16/news/fl-citrus-canker-ruling-20131016_1_canker-healthy-citrus-tree-orange-trees.
45. Junior P . 2006. Terrorismo biológico. Veja 1961 : 60 63.
46. de Arruda MCC,, Miller RNG,, Ferreira MASV,, Felipe MSS . 2003. Comparison of Crinipellis perniciosa isolates from Brazil by ERIC repetitive element sequence-based PCR genomic fingerprinting. Plant Pathol 52 : 236 244.[CrossRef]
47. Magan N,, Olsen M (ed) . 2004. Mycotoxins in food: Detection and Control. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
48. McCurry J . 18 September 2008. Toxic rice prompts mass Japanese recall. The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/sep/18/japan1.
49. Coren C . 11 February 2015. Purina Beneful dog food kills dogs, class action says. https://topclassactions.com/lawsuit-settlements/lawsuit-news/49385-purina-beneful-dog-food-kills-dogs-class-action-says/.
50. Bayman P,, Baker JL . 2006. Ochratoxins: a global perspective. Mycopathologia 162 : 215 223.[PubMed][CrossRef]
51. Henry SH,, Bosch FX,, Troxell TC,, Bolger PM . 1999. Policy forum: public health. Reducing liver cancer—global control of aflatoxin. Science 286 : 2453 2454.[PubMed][CrossRef]
52. Annan K . 2001. ‘Best hope’ for least developed countries would be new round of global trade negotiations. Press release SG/SM/7802 DEV/2311. United Nations Information Service, Vienna, Austria. http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/pressrels/2001/Sgsm7802.html.
53. Shultz GP . 1982. Chemical Warfare in Southeast Asia and Afghanistan: An Update. Special report no. 104. US Department of State, Washington, DC. http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112104113011;view=1up;seq=1.
54. Tucker JB . 2001. The “yellow rain” controversy: lessons for arms control compliance. Nonproliferation Rev 2001( spring) : 25 42. http://www.nonproliferation.org/wp-content/uploads/npr/81tucker.pdf.
55. Boffey PM . 21 June 1983. The ‘yellow rain’ debate: scientists take sides as battle intensifies. The New York Times, New York, NY. http://www.nytimes.com/1983/06/21/science/the-yellow-rain-debate-scientists-take-sides-as-battle-intensifies.html?pagewanted=all.
56. Robinson J,, Guillemin J,, Meselson M . 1987. Yellow rain: the story collapses. Foreign Policy 68 : 100 117.[CrossRef]
57. Whitfield J . 2005. Biogeography. Is everything everywhere? Science 310 : 960 961.[PubMed][CrossRef]

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Please check the format of the address you have entered.
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error